A case of acute post-traumatic pulmonary failure was treated by extracorporeal respiratory assist, after conventional therapy had failed. Veno-venous bypass was established, with low extracorporeal blood flow (1.6-2 l min-1), and high exchange surface area membrane lungs (7 m2), according to the technique of low-frequency positive-pressure ventilation with extracorporeal carbon-dioxide removal. After a first disconnection, the evolution of the lung disease necessitated a second surgical procedure, during which a chest tube perforated the patient's right lower, pulmonary lobe. A two-stage right thoracotomy was performed, with the patient connected to the extracorporeal system, and receiving full heparinization. Massive bleeding and severe hypoxia were encountered, but successfully overcome. The patient is now a long-term survivor.

Multidisciplinary approach to extracorporeal respiratory assist for acute pulmonary failure / M. Solca, A. Pesenti, G. Iapichino, L. Uziel, U. Fox, A. M. Giovannetti, G. Roviaro, P. Zannini, G. Pezzuoli, L. Gattinoni. - In: INTERNATIONAL SURGERY. - ISSN 0020-8868. - 70:1(1985), pp. 9-11-11.

Multidisciplinary approach to extracorporeal respiratory assist for acute pulmonary failure

A. Pesenti;G. Iapichino;G. Roviaro;L. Gattinoni
1985

Abstract

A case of acute post-traumatic pulmonary failure was treated by extracorporeal respiratory assist, after conventional therapy had failed. Veno-venous bypass was established, with low extracorporeal blood flow (1.6-2 l min-1), and high exchange surface area membrane lungs (7 m2), according to the technique of low-frequency positive-pressure ventilation with extracorporeal carbon-dioxide removal. After a first disconnection, the evolution of the lung disease necessitated a second surgical procedure, during which a chest tube perforated the patient's right lower, pulmonary lobe. A two-stage right thoracotomy was performed, with the patient connected to the extracorporeal system, and receiving full heparinization. Massive bleeding and severe hypoxia were encountered, but successfully overcome. The patient is now a long-term survivor.
Acute Disease; Extracorporeal Circulation; Respiratory Insufficiency; Humans; Adult; Positive-Pressure Respiration; Female
Settore MED/41 - Anestesiologia
Settore MED/18 - Chirurgia Generale
INTERNATIONAL SURGERY
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/2434/185553
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