The reaction of the unsaturated triangular cluster anion [Re3(μ-H)4(CO)10]- with isocyanides CNR (R = cyclohexyl or p-tolyl) gives in high yields [Re3(μ-H)3(μ-η2-CHNR)(CO) 10]-, containing a formimidoyl group originated by the transfer of a hydride ligand to the C atom of the isocyanide. Upon heating, this complex looses one CO ligand, giving with good selectivity [Re3(μ-H)3(μ3-η 2-CHNR)(CO)9]-, in a reaction that can be reversed only under high CO pressure (50 atm). The structures of these two formimidoyl species have been elucidated by single-crystal X-ray analyses of their NEt4+ salts: [Re3(μ-H)3(μ-η2-CHNC 6H4Me)(CO)10]- gives monoclinic crystals, space group P21/c, with a = 16.755 (5) Å, b = 12.705 (5) Å, c = 16.816 (4) Å, β = 117.5 (2)°, Z = 4, and R = 0.030; [Re3(μ-H)3(μ3-η2-CHNC 6H11)(CO)9]- gives monoclinic crystals, space group P21/a, with a = 14.589 (7) Å, b = 12.965 (8) Å, c = 16.843 (9) Å, β = 93.99 (4)°, Z = 4, and R = 0.039. Variable-temperature 1H NMR experiments showed that the triple-bridging formimidoyl group undergoes two types of dynamic processes, causing partial or total equalization of the hydrides and consisting presumably in rotations of this ligand on the Re3 face, through the interchange of its three coordination modes (σ-C, σ-N, π) among the vertices of the triangle. Insertion reactions were observed also upon treatment of the unsaturated anion [Re3(μ-H)4(CO)9(CNC6H 11)]- with two-electron-donor molecules, as CO (50 atm) or CNC6H11 itself. In the latter case, two isomers of the complex [Re3(μ-H)3(μ-η2-CHNC 6H11)(CO)9(CNC6H11)] - are formed, likely differing in the coordination of the CNC6H11 ligand (axial syn or anti with respect to the bridging formimidoyl). In all the insertion reactions here reported, the H transfer is supposed to take place in intermediate [Re3(μ-H)3H(CO)9(CNR)L]- adducts, too reactive to be observed. The differences with respect to the analogous reactions of [Os3(μ-H)2(CO)10] are discussed. © 1991 American Chemical Society.

Insertion of isocyanides into metal-hydrogen bonds in triangular hydrido-carbonyl clusters of rhenium. X-ray crystal structures of [Re3(μ-H)3(μ-η2-CHNR)(CO) 10]- (R = p-tolyl) and of [Re3(μ-H)3(μ3-η 2-CHNR)(CO)9]- (R = cyclohexyl) / T. Beringhelli, G. D'Alfonso, A. Minoja, G. Ciani, M. Moret, A. Sironi. - In: ORGANOMETALLICS. - ISSN 0276-7333. - 10:9(1991), pp. 3131-3138.

Insertion of isocyanides into metal-hydrogen bonds in triangular hydrido-carbonyl clusters of rhenium. X-ray crystal structures of [Re3(μ-H)3(μ-η2-CHNR)(CO) 10]- (R = p-tolyl) and of [Re3(μ-H)3(μ3-η 2-CHNR)(CO)9]- (R = cyclohexyl)

T. Beringhelli;G. D'Alfonso;G. Ciani;A. Sironi
1991

Abstract

The reaction of the unsaturated triangular cluster anion [Re3(μ-H)4(CO)10]- with isocyanides CNR (R = cyclohexyl or p-tolyl) gives in high yields [Re3(μ-H)3(μ-η2-CHNR)(CO) 10]-, containing a formimidoyl group originated by the transfer of a hydride ligand to the C atom of the isocyanide. Upon heating, this complex looses one CO ligand, giving with good selectivity [Re3(μ-H)3(μ3-η 2-CHNR)(CO)9]-, in a reaction that can be reversed only under high CO pressure (50 atm). The structures of these two formimidoyl species have been elucidated by single-crystal X-ray analyses of their NEt4+ salts: [Re3(μ-H)3(μ-η2-CHNC 6H4Me)(CO)10]- gives monoclinic crystals, space group P21/c, with a = 16.755 (5) Å, b = 12.705 (5) Å, c = 16.816 (4) Å, β = 117.5 (2)°, Z = 4, and R = 0.030; [Re3(μ-H)3(μ3-η2-CHNC 6H11)(CO)9]- gives monoclinic crystals, space group P21/a, with a = 14.589 (7) Å, b = 12.965 (8) Å, c = 16.843 (9) Å, β = 93.99 (4)°, Z = 4, and R = 0.039. Variable-temperature 1H NMR experiments showed that the triple-bridging formimidoyl group undergoes two types of dynamic processes, causing partial or total equalization of the hydrides and consisting presumably in rotations of this ligand on the Re3 face, through the interchange of its three coordination modes (σ-C, σ-N, π) among the vertices of the triangle. Insertion reactions were observed also upon treatment of the unsaturated anion [Re3(μ-H)4(CO)9(CNC6H 11)]- with two-electron-donor molecules, as CO (50 atm) or CNC6H11 itself. In the latter case, two isomers of the complex [Re3(μ-H)3(μ-η2-CHNC 6H11)(CO)9(CNC6H11)] - are formed, likely differing in the coordination of the CNC6H11 ligand (axial syn or anti with respect to the bridging formimidoyl). In all the insertion reactions here reported, the H transfer is supposed to take place in intermediate [Re3(μ-H)3H(CO)9(CNR)L]- adducts, too reactive to be observed. The differences with respect to the analogous reactions of [Os3(μ-H)2(CO)10] are discussed. © 1991 American Chemical Society.
Settore CHIM/03 - Chimica Generale e Inorganica
ORGANOMETALLICS
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/2434/185488
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