The quantitative addition of pyrazole (Hpz) to the 44 valence-electron, triangular cluster anion [Re3(μ3-H)(μ-H) 3(CO)9]- gives the novel unsaturated anion [Re3(μ-H)4(CO)9(Hpz)]- (1, 46 valence electrons), which contains a pyrazole molecule that is terminally coordinated on a cluster vertex. Solidstate X-ray and IR analyses reveal a rather weak hydrogen-bonding interaction between the NH proton and one of the hydrides bridging the opposite triangular cluster edge (ΔH° = - 3.1 kcal.mol-1 from the Iogansen equation). Both IR and NMR data indicate that such a proton-hydride interaction is maintained in the major conformer present in CD2Cl2, but also provide evidence of the presence of minor conformers of 1 in which the NH proton is involved in an intermolecular hydrogen bond with the solvent. The μ-H⋯HN bond length evaluated in solution through the T1 minimum value (2.07 Å) and that determined in the solid state by X-ray diffraction (2.05 Å) are in good agreement. NMR experiments show that, in acetone, intermolecular N-H ⋯ solvent interactions replace the intramolecular dihydrogen bond. At room temperature in CH2Cl2, the pyrazole ligand in 1 is labile and 1 slowly "disproportionates" to [Re3(μ3-H)(μ-H) 3(CO)9]- and [Re3(μ-H)3 (CO)9(μ-η2-pz)(Hpz)]-, with H2 evolution. Slow H2 evolution also leads to the formation of the anion [Re3(μ-H)3(CO)9(pz)]- (5), in which the pyrazolate anion adopts a novel μ3-η2-coordination mode, as revealed by a single-crystal X-ray analysis. The analysis of the bond lengths indicates that the pyrazolate anion in 5 acts as a six-electron donor, with loss of the aromaticity. The formation of 5 from 1 is much faster in solvents with a high dielectric constant, such as acetone or DMF. Anion 5 was also obtained from the reaction of pyrazole with [Re3(μ-H)3 (CO)9(μ3CH3)]- through the intermediate formation of two isomeric addition derivatives and following CH4 evolution.
An intramolecular N-H⋯(μ-H)Re2 dihydrogen bond and a novel μ3-η2 coordination mode of the pyrazolate anion on a triangular cluster face / T. Beringhelli, G. D'Alfonso, M. Panigati, P. Mercandelli, A. Sironi. - In: CHEMISTRY-A EUROPEAN JOURNAL. - ISSN 0947-6539. - 8:23(2002), pp. 5340-5350.
|Titolo:||An intramolecular N-H⋯(μ-H)Re2 dihydrogen bond and a novel μ3-η2 coordination mode of the pyrazolate anion on a triangular cluster face|
BERINGHELLI, TIZIANA (Primo)
D'ALFONSO, GIUSEPPE (Secondo)
MERCANDELLI, PIERLUIGI (Penultimo)
SIRONI, ANGELO AGOSTINO DANIELE (Ultimo)
|Parole Chiave:||Cluster compounds ; Hydride ligands ; Hydrogen bonds ; NMR spectroscopy ; Pyrazole ; Structure elucidation|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore CHIM/03 - Chimica Generale e Inorganica|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2002|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/1521-3765(20021202)8:23<5340::AID-CHEM5340>3.0.CO;2-S|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|