Leukotriene C4 (LTC4), one of the major components of the slow-reacting substance of anaphylaxis (SRS-A), is a potent constrictor of bronchial smooth muscle in many species including humans. Here we report the identification and characterization of specific binding sites for LTC4 in membranes from human lung parenchyma. At 4°, 3H-LTC4 binding is specific, saturable Bmax = 32-41 pmoles mg prot.), rapid (equilibrium being attained within 15 min), reversible and of high affinity (Kd = 3.6-7 × 10-8 M). The binding sites are sensitive to heat and probably possess a protein moiety, being inactivated upon trypsinization. CaCl2 affects both the association and the dissociation rate and dose-dependently enhances the binding of 3H-LTC4 at equilibrium; maximal enhancement (4-fold) occurred at 10-2 M CaCl2. Unlabelled LTC4 is able to compete with 3H-LTC4 for its binding sites with an IC50 of 7.8 × 10-8 M. The addition of 10-2 M CaCl2 increases the potency of LTC4 in inhibiting the binding (2.2-fold); both the competition curves are monophasic, indicating the existence of a homogeneous class of binding sites. In the presence of CaCl2, LTD4, LTE4 and the SRS-A antagonist FPL 55712 can inhibit 3H-LTC4 specific binding, being, however, less potent than LTC4 (ic50 s = 2.2 × 10-6, 2.4 × 10-5 and 2.4 × 10-5 M, for LTD4, LTE4 and FPL 55712, respectively). FPL 55712 displayed a competitive mechanism; its affinity, however, was lower if absorption to glass was not prevented. The present studies indicate that specific binding sites for 3H-LTC4 exist in human lung parenchyma, and that a receptor-mediated process might be involved in the bronchoconstriction induced by LTC4.
IDENTIFICATION OF SPECIFIC BINDING-SITES FOR LEUKOTRIENE-C4 IN MEMBRANES FROM HUMAN-LUNG / G. ROVATI, D. OLIVA, L. SAUTEBIN, G. FOLCO, A. WELTON, S. NICOSIA. - In: BIOCHEMICAL PHARMACOLOGY. - ISSN 0006-2952. - 34:16(1985), pp. 2831-2837.
|Titolo:||IDENTIFICATION OF SPECIFIC BINDING-SITES FOR LEUKOTRIENE-C4 IN MEMBRANES FROM HUMAN-LUNG|
ROVATI, GIANENRICO (Primo)
NICOSIA, SIMONETTA (Ultimo)
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore BIO/14 - Farmacologia|
|Data di pubblicazione:||1985|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/0006-2952(85)90003-6|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|