The effects of synthetic human calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP) on nociceptive response were evaluated in rats by two behavioral tests (tail-flick and hot-plate) and by electrophysiological recording of the firing of thalamic neurons evoked by peripheral noxious mechanical stimuli. CGRP was administered intracerebroventricularly (i.c.v.) and its effects were compared with that of salmon calcitonin (sCT). In the tail-flick test, CGRP (0.25, 2.5 and 5 micrograms/rat) dose-dependently increased response latencies, whereas sCT (0.125, 2.5, 5 and 10 micrograms/rat) did not. Conversely, in the hot-plate test CGRP was effective in enhancing response latencies only at the highest dose of 10 micrograms/rat, while sCT (0.125, 0.25 and 2.5 micrograms/rat) inhibited the hot-plate response dose-dependently. In electrophysiological studies, CGRP (2.5 micrograms/rat, i.c.v.) completely inhibited the evoked neuronal thalamic firing and the same dose of sCT induced only a partial reduction. Furthermore, the antinociceptive effects of CGRP in the tail-flick test and in the electrophysiological studies were not prevented by naloxone. These results demonstrate that central administration of CGRP is effective in inhibiting nociceptive responses and its action like that of sCT does not involve an opioid mechanism. The differences in the antinociceptive profiles of CGRP and sCT suggest that the inhibitory effects of these peptides may involve different neuronal pathways.

Calcitonin gene-related peptide: antinociceptive activity in rats, comparison with calcitonin / A. Pecile, F. Guidobono, C. Netti, V. Sibilia, G. Biella, P. C. Braga. - In: REGULATORY PEPTIDES. - ISSN 0167-0115. - 18:3-4(1987 Aug 17), pp. 189-199.

Calcitonin gene-related peptide: antinociceptive activity in rats, comparison with calcitonin

F. Guidobono
Secondo
;
V. Sibilia;P. C. Braga
Ultimo
1987

Abstract

The effects of synthetic human calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP) on nociceptive response were evaluated in rats by two behavioral tests (tail-flick and hot-plate) and by electrophysiological recording of the firing of thalamic neurons evoked by peripheral noxious mechanical stimuli. CGRP was administered intracerebroventricularly (i.c.v.) and its effects were compared with that of salmon calcitonin (sCT). In the tail-flick test, CGRP (0.25, 2.5 and 5 micrograms/rat) dose-dependently increased response latencies, whereas sCT (0.125, 2.5, 5 and 10 micrograms/rat) did not. Conversely, in the hot-plate test CGRP was effective in enhancing response latencies only at the highest dose of 10 micrograms/rat, while sCT (0.125, 0.25 and 2.5 micrograms/rat) inhibited the hot-plate response dose-dependently. In electrophysiological studies, CGRP (2.5 micrograms/rat, i.c.v.) completely inhibited the evoked neuronal thalamic firing and the same dose of sCT induced only a partial reduction. Furthermore, the antinociceptive effects of CGRP in the tail-flick test and in the electrophysiological studies were not prevented by naloxone. These results demonstrate that central administration of CGRP is effective in inhibiting nociceptive responses and its action like that of sCT does not involve an opioid mechanism. The differences in the antinociceptive profiles of CGRP and sCT suggest that the inhibitory effects of these peptides may involve different neuronal pathways.
Animals; Calcitonin; Dose-Response Relationship, Drug; Pain Measurement; Electrophysiology; Thalamus; Behavior, Animal; Injections, Intraventricular; Naloxone; Rats, Inbred Strains; Calcitonin Gene-Related Peptide; Rats; Analgesics; Neuropeptides; Male
Settore BIO/14 - Farmacologia
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2434/181101
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