Starch gelatinization in wheat flour dough of various moisture contents was quantitatively evaluated by means of DSC. The experimental records were worked out in the form of excess heat capacity vs. T traces which were deconvoluted to single out the contribution of starch gelatinization from that of the decomposition of amylose-lipid complexes. The quantitative procedure used put into evidence that a third endothermic process would take place in the dough with a poor moisture content. DSC runs carried out with sealed pans (i.e., at constant moisture level) and open pans (from which some water was free to evaporate) allow simulation of two extreme conditions of a real baking process, namely that relevant to the central core and to superficial layer of a dough loaf, respectively. The extent of starch gelatinization occurred in these conditions was quantitatively assessed. These data were collected at various heating rates and used to define temperature-time-transformation (TTT) diagrams which are useful tools to predict the progress of baking for any given thermal history of the system.

Starch Gelatinization Kinetics in Bread Dough: DSC investigations on «simulated» baking processes / D. Fessas, A. Schiraldi. - In: JOURNAL OF THERMAL ANALYSIS AND CALORIMETRY. - ISSN 1388-6150. - 61:2(2000), pp. 411-423.

Starch Gelatinization Kinetics in Bread Dough: DSC investigations on «simulated» baking processes

D. Fessas
Primo
;
A. Schiraldi
Ultimo
2000

Abstract

Starch gelatinization in wheat flour dough of various moisture contents was quantitatively evaluated by means of DSC. The experimental records were worked out in the form of excess heat capacity vs. T traces which were deconvoluted to single out the contribution of starch gelatinization from that of the decomposition of amylose-lipid complexes. The quantitative procedure used put into evidence that a third endothermic process would take place in the dough with a poor moisture content. DSC runs carried out with sealed pans (i.e., at constant moisture level) and open pans (from which some water was free to evaporate) allow simulation of two extreme conditions of a real baking process, namely that relevant to the central core and to superficial layer of a dough loaf, respectively. The extent of starch gelatinization occurred in these conditions was quantitatively assessed. These data were collected at various heating rates and used to define temperature-time-transformation (TTT) diagrams which are useful tools to predict the progress of baking for any given thermal history of the system.
bread baking ; DSC ; starch gelatinization
Settore CHIM/02 - Chimica Fisica
Article (author)
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/2434/178338
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