Biogas plants need easy and practical tools for monitoring and evaluating their biological process efficiency. As soon as, in many cases, biomass supply present considerable costs, full-scale anaerobic digestion (AD) processes must approach, as much as possible, the potential biogas yield of the organic mixture fed to the biodigesters. In this paper, a new indicator is proposed (the bio-methane yield, BMY), for measuring the efficiency in full-scale AD processes, based on a balance between the biochemical methane potential (BMP) of the input biomass and the residual BMP of the output materials (digestate). For this purpose, a one-year survey was performed on three different full-scale biogas plants, in the Italian agro-industrial context, and the bio-chemical processes were fully described in order to calculate their efficiencies (BMY. = 87-93%) and to validate the new indicator proposed, as useful and easily applicable tool for full-scale AD plants operators.

On-field study of anaerobic digestion full-scale plants (Part II) : New approaches in monitoring and evaluating process efficiency / A. Schievano, G. D’Imporzano, V. Orzi, F. Adani. - In: BIORESOURCE TECHNOLOGY. - ISSN 0960-8524. - 102:19(2011), pp. 8814-8819. [10.1016/j.biortech.2011.07.012]

On-field study of anaerobic digestion full-scale plants (Part II) : New approaches in monitoring and evaluating process efficiency

A. Schievano
Primo
;
G. D’Imporzano
Secondo
;
V. Orzi
Penultimo
;
F. Adani
Ultimo
2011

Abstract

Biogas plants need easy and practical tools for monitoring and evaluating their biological process efficiency. As soon as, in many cases, biomass supply present considerable costs, full-scale anaerobic digestion (AD) processes must approach, as much as possible, the potential biogas yield of the organic mixture fed to the biodigesters. In this paper, a new indicator is proposed (the bio-methane yield, BMY), for measuring the efficiency in full-scale AD processes, based on a balance between the biochemical methane potential (BMP) of the input biomass and the residual BMP of the output materials (digestate). For this purpose, a one-year survey was performed on three different full-scale biogas plants, in the Italian agro-industrial context, and the bio-chemical processes were fully described in order to calculate their efficiencies (BMY. = 87-93%) and to validate the new indicator proposed, as useful and easily applicable tool for full-scale AD plants operators.
Anaerobic digestion; Biogas; Methane potential; Process efficiency; Renewable energy
Settore AGR/13 - Chimica Agraria
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/2434/165648
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