Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) represents a socially and clinically relevant disorder, characterized by intestinal chronic inflammation. Cystamine (CysN) is a multipotent molecule with healthy effects and, moreover, it is an inhibitor of transglutaminases (TGs), including the TG type 2 (TG2), an enzyme with pleiotropic functions, involved in different pathways of inflammation and central in the pathogenesis of some human disorders as the IBD. Our aim was to evaluate the effect of CysN in an IBD rat model. A total of 30 rats were divided into 4 groups: controls without treatment (CTR; n=7); receiving the 2,4,6-trinitrobenzene sulfonic acid enema (TNBS group; n=8); treated with TNBS enema plus oral CysN (TNBS-CysN group; n=8); treated with CysN (CysN group; n=7). After killing, bowel inflammation was evaluated applying specific scores. TG activity, TG2 and isopeptide bond immunohistochemical expression, and tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) were evaluated in the colonic tissue, such as interleukin-6 (IL-6) serological levels (ELISA). TG2 was also evaluated on the luminal side of the colon by immunoautoradiography. Colonic samples from IBD patients were compared with animal results. TNBS-CysN group developed a less severe colitis compared with the TNBS group (macroscopic score 0.43±0.78 vs 3.28±0.95, microscopic score 6.62±12.01 vs 19.25±6.04, P<0.05, respectively) associated with a decrease of TG activity, TG2 and isopeptide bond immunohistochemical expression, TNF-α and IL-6 levels. No statistically significant differences were found between CysN and CTR groups. The colonic immunolocalization of TG2 was comparable in humans affected by IBD and TNBS-administered animals. This is the first demonstration that treatment with a CysN has an anti-inflammatory effect, reducing severity of colitis in a rat model. CysN could be tested as a possible treatment or co-treatment in IBD therapeutic trials.
Beneficial effects of treatment with transglutaminase inhibitor cystamine on the severity of inflammation in a rat model of inflammatory bowel disease / L. Elli, M.M. Ciulla, G.A. Busca, L.R. Roncoroni, C. Maioli, S. Ferrero Bogetto, M. T. Bardella, A. Bonura, R. Paliotti, C. Terrani, P. Braidotti. - In: LABORATORY INVESTIGATION. - ISSN 0023-6837. - 91:3(2011 Mar), pp. 452-461.
|Titolo:||Beneficial effects of treatment with transglutaminase inhibitor cystamine on the severity of inflammation in a rat model of inflammatory bowel disease|
CIULLA, MICHELE MARIO (Secondo)
|Parole Chiave:||colitis; cystamine; inflammatory bowel disease; transglutaminase type 2|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore MED/12 - Gastroenterologia|
Settore MED/04 - Patologia Generale
Settore MED/36 - Diagnostica per Immagini e Radioterapia
Settore BIO/13 - Biologia Applicata
|Data di pubblicazione:||mar-2011|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/labinvest.2010.186|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|