The "green revolution" involving mainly wheat and rice was based on the use by breeders of semidominant mutations involved in the signal transduction pathway of Gibberellin (GA). In particular, mutations in the Reduced height (Rht) gene of wheat have been used to reduce plant height and consequently to avoid storm damage and lodging. These genes have been cloned and they encode for DELLA proteins which contain an N-terminal DELLA and a VHYNP domain essential for GA-dependent degradation of these proteins. In maize several mutations have been isolated which affect gibberellin biosynthesis and perception and in particular, mutations in Dwarf8 (D8) gene cause a severe dwarfing phenotype. D8 gene has been identified as an orthologue of Rht (Reduced height), Slr1(Slender rice 1) and Gibberellic Acid Insensitive (GAI) genes, this latter is a negative regulator of GA response in Arabidopsis. In this work, for the first time, we isolated and characterized a single amino acid insertion in the VHYNP domain of D8 maize gene causing the appearance of a dominant dwarf mutation. This spontaneous mutation, named D8-1023, showed a phenotype which is less severe in comparison with the other D8 mutants previously isolated which have modifications in the DELLA domain. This mutant appears to be an useful tool either to study the mechanism of GA-modulated growth in plants or to lower the height of maize tropical germplasm for breeding purposes.

Characterization of the first dominant dwarf maize mutant carrying a single amino acid insertion in the VHYNP domain of the dwarf 8 gene / E. Cassani, E. Bertolini, F. Cerino Badone, M. Landoni, D. Gavina, A. Sirizzotti, R. Pilu. - In: MOLECULAR BREEDING. - ISSN 1380-3743. - 24:4(2009 Nov), pp. 375-385.

Characterization of the first dominant dwarf maize mutant carrying a single amino acid insertion in the VHYNP domain of the dwarf 8 gene

E. Cassani
Primo
;
F. Cerino Badone;M. Landoni;R. Pilu
Ultimo
2009-11

Abstract

The "green revolution" involving mainly wheat and rice was based on the use by breeders of semidominant mutations involved in the signal transduction pathway of Gibberellin (GA). In particular, mutations in the Reduced height (Rht) gene of wheat have been used to reduce plant height and consequently to avoid storm damage and lodging. These genes have been cloned and they encode for DELLA proteins which contain an N-terminal DELLA and a VHYNP domain essential for GA-dependent degradation of these proteins. In maize several mutations have been isolated which affect gibberellin biosynthesis and perception and in particular, mutations in Dwarf8 (D8) gene cause a severe dwarfing phenotype. D8 gene has been identified as an orthologue of Rht (Reduced height), Slr1(Slender rice 1) and Gibberellic Acid Insensitive (GAI) genes, this latter is a negative regulator of GA response in Arabidopsis. In this work, for the first time, we isolated and characterized a single amino acid insertion in the VHYNP domain of D8 maize gene causing the appearance of a dominant dwarf mutation. This spontaneous mutation, named D8-1023, showed a phenotype which is less severe in comparison with the other D8 mutants previously isolated which have modifications in the DELLA domain. This mutant appears to be an useful tool either to study the mechanism of GA-modulated growth in plants or to lower the height of maize tropical germplasm for breeding purposes.
MaizeMutant; Dwarf8 gene; Gibberellins; VHYNP domain; PCR based molecular marker;
Settore AGR/07 - Genetica Agraria
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/2434/150745
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