The aim of the present study is to investigate the correlation between microbial activity, i.e., biological stability measured by aerobic (OD(20) test) and anaerobic tests (ABP test), and odour emissions of organic fraction of municipal solid waste during anaerobic digestion in a full-scale treatment plant considering the three stages of the process (input, digested and post-digested waste). The results obtained indicated that the stabilization of the treated material reduces the odour impact measured by the olfactometric approach. Successive application of gas chromatography mass spectrometry (GC-MS) and electronic nose (EN) allowed the characterization of the different groups of volatile organic compounds (VOCs) responsible of odour impacts determining, also, their concentration. Principal component and partial least squares analyses applied to the EN and GC-MS data sets gave good regression for the OD(20) vs the EN and OD(20) vs the GC-MS data. Therefore, OD(20) reduction could be used as an odour depletion indicator. (C) 2010 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

Potential odour emission measurement in organic fraction of municipal solid waste during anaerobic digestion : relationship with process and biological stability parameters / V. Orzi, E. Cadena, G. D’Imporzano , A. Artola, E. Davoli, M. Crivelli, F. Adani. - In: BIORESOURCE TECHNOLOGY. - ISSN 0960-8524. - 101:19(2010), pp. 7330-7337.

Potential odour emission measurement in organic fraction of municipal solid waste during anaerobic digestion : relationship with process and biological stability parameters

V. Orzi
Primo
;
G. D’Imporzano;F. Adani
Ultimo
2010

Abstract

The aim of the present study is to investigate the correlation between microbial activity, i.e., biological stability measured by aerobic (OD(20) test) and anaerobic tests (ABP test), and odour emissions of organic fraction of municipal solid waste during anaerobic digestion in a full-scale treatment plant considering the three stages of the process (input, digested and post-digested waste). The results obtained indicated that the stabilization of the treated material reduces the odour impact measured by the olfactometric approach. Successive application of gas chromatography mass spectrometry (GC-MS) and electronic nose (EN) allowed the characterization of the different groups of volatile organic compounds (VOCs) responsible of odour impacts determining, also, their concentration. Principal component and partial least squares analyses applied to the EN and GC-MS data sets gave good regression for the OD(20) vs the EN and OD(20) vs the GC-MS data. Therefore, OD(20) reduction could be used as an odour depletion indicator. (C) 2010 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Anaerobic digestion; Biological stability; Electronic nose; GC-MS; Odours
Settore AGR/13 - Chimica Agraria
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/2434/142189
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