The relevant social and economic costs associated with aging and neurodegenerative diseases, particularly Alzheimer's disease (AD), entail considerable efforts to develop effective preventive and therapeutic strategies. The search for natural compounds, whose intake through diet can help prevent the main biochemical mechanisms responsible for AD onset, led us to screen hops, one of the main ingredients of beer. To explore the chemical variability of hops, we characterized four hop varieties, i.e., Cascade, Saaz, Tettnang, and Summit. We investigated the potential multitarget hop activity, in particular its ability to hinder Afi1- 42 peptide aggregation and cytotoxicity, its antioxidant properties, and its ability to enhance autophagy, promoting the clearance of misfolded and aggregated proteins in a human neuroblastoma SH-SY5Y cell line. Moreover, we provided evidence of in vivo hop efficacy using the transgenic CL2006Caenorhabditis elegans strain expressing the Afi3-42 peptide. By combining cell-free and in vitro assays with nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) and MS-based metabolomics, NMR molecular recognition studies, and atomic force microscopy, we identified feruloyl and p-coumaroylquinic acids flavan-3-ol glycosides and procyanidins as the main anti-Afi components of hop.

Alzheimer's Disease Prevention through Natural Compounds: Cell-Free, In Vitro, and In Vivo Dissection of Hop (Humulus lupulus L.) Multitarget Activity / A. Palmioli, V. Mazzoni, A. De Luigi, C. Bruzzone, G. Sala, L. Colombo, C. Bazzini, C.P. Zoia, M. Inserra, M. Salmona, I. De Noni, C. Ferrarese, L. Diomede, C. Airoldi. - In: ACS CHEMICAL NEUROSCIENCE. - ISSN 1948-7193. - 13:22(2022 Nov 16), pp. 3152-3167. [10.1021/acschemneuro.2c00444]

Alzheimer's Disease Prevention through Natural Compounds: Cell-Free, In Vitro, and In Vivo Dissection of Hop (Humulus lupulus L.) Multitarget Activity

I. De Noni;
2022

Abstract

The relevant social and economic costs associated with aging and neurodegenerative diseases, particularly Alzheimer's disease (AD), entail considerable efforts to develop effective preventive and therapeutic strategies. The search for natural compounds, whose intake through diet can help prevent the main biochemical mechanisms responsible for AD onset, led us to screen hops, one of the main ingredients of beer. To explore the chemical variability of hops, we characterized four hop varieties, i.e., Cascade, Saaz, Tettnang, and Summit. We investigated the potential multitarget hop activity, in particular its ability to hinder Afi1- 42 peptide aggregation and cytotoxicity, its antioxidant properties, and its ability to enhance autophagy, promoting the clearance of misfolded and aggregated proteins in a human neuroblastoma SH-SY5Y cell line. Moreover, we provided evidence of in vivo hop efficacy using the transgenic CL2006Caenorhabditis elegans strain expressing the Afi3-42 peptide. By combining cell-free and in vitro assays with nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) and MS-based metabolomics, NMR molecular recognition studies, and atomic force microscopy, we identified feruloyl and p-coumaroylquinic acids flavan-3-ol glycosides and procyanidins as the main anti-Afi components of hop.
Alzheimer’s disease; Caenorhabditis elegans; NMR; UPLC-HR-MS; anti-Aβ compounds; hop
Settore CHIM/06 - Chimica Organica
16-nov-2022
Article (author)
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2434/999397
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