Cumulus oophorus cells have been implicated in the regulation of female gamete development, meiotic maturation, and oocyte-sperm interaction. Nevertheless, the specific role of cumulus cells (CCs) during the final stages of oocyte maturation and fertilization processes still remains unclear. Several studies have been conducted in order to clarify the role of follicular cells using culture systems where denuded oocytes (DOs) were co-cultured with isolated CCs, or in the presence of conditioned medium. However, those attempts were ineffective and the initial oocyte competence to become a blastocyst after fertilization was only partially restored. Aim of the present study was to analyze the effect of the interactions between somatic cells and the female gamete on denuded oocyte developmental capability using a system of culture where CCs were present as dispersed CCs or as intact cumulus-oocyte complexes (COCs) in co-culture with oocytes freed of CC investment immediately after isolation from the ovary. Moreover, we analyzed the specific role of cyclic adenosine 3'-5' monophosphate (cAMP) and glutathione (GSH) during FSH-stimulated maturation of denuded oocyte co-cultured with intact COCs. Our data confirm that denuded oocyte has a scarce developmental capability, and the presence of dispersed CCs during in vitro maturation (IVM) does not improve their developmental competence. On the contrary, the co-presence of intact COCs during denuded oocyte IVM partially restores their developmental capability. The absence of CCs investment causes a drop of cAMP content in DOs at the beginning of IVM and the addition of a cAMP analog in the culture medium does not restore the initial oocyte developmental competence. The relative GSH content of denuded oocyte matured in presence of intact COCs is consistent with the partial recovery of their developmental capability. However, the complete restoration of a full embryonic developmental potential is achieved only when DOs are co-cultured with intact COCs during both IVM and in vitro fertilization (IVF). Our results suggest that the direct interaction between oocyte and CCs is not essential during IVM and IVF of denuded oocyte. We hypothesize that putative diffusible factor(s), produced by CCs and/or by the crosstalk between oocyte and CCs in the intact complex, could play a key role in the acquisition of developmental competence of the denuded female gamete. (c) 2005 Wiley-Liss, Inc.

Developmental capability of denuded bovine oocyte in a co-culture system with intact cumulus-oocyte complexes: role of cumulus cells, cyclic adenosine 3 ',5 '-monophosphate, and glutathione / A.M. Luciano, V. Lodde, M.S. Beretta, S. Colleoni, A. Lauria, S.C. Modina. - In: MOLECULAR REPRODUCTION AND DEVELOPMENT. - ISSN 1040-452X. - 71:3(2005 Jul), pp. 389-397.

Developmental capability of denuded bovine oocyte in a co-culture system with intact cumulus-oocyte complexes: role of cumulus cells, cyclic adenosine 3 ',5 '-monophosphate, and glutathione

A.M. Luciano
Primo
;
V. Lodde
Secondo
;
M.S. Beretta;S. Colleoni;A. Lauria
Penultimo
;
S.C. Modina
Ultimo
2005

Abstract

Cumulus oophorus cells have been implicated in the regulation of female gamete development, meiotic maturation, and oocyte-sperm interaction. Nevertheless, the specific role of cumulus cells (CCs) during the final stages of oocyte maturation and fertilization processes still remains unclear. Several studies have been conducted in order to clarify the role of follicular cells using culture systems where denuded oocytes (DOs) were co-cultured with isolated CCs, or in the presence of conditioned medium. However, those attempts were ineffective and the initial oocyte competence to become a blastocyst after fertilization was only partially restored. Aim of the present study was to analyze the effect of the interactions between somatic cells and the female gamete on denuded oocyte developmental capability using a system of culture where CCs were present as dispersed CCs or as intact cumulus-oocyte complexes (COCs) in co-culture with oocytes freed of CC investment immediately after isolation from the ovary. Moreover, we analyzed the specific role of cyclic adenosine 3'-5' monophosphate (cAMP) and glutathione (GSH) during FSH-stimulated maturation of denuded oocyte co-cultured with intact COCs. Our data confirm that denuded oocyte has a scarce developmental capability, and the presence of dispersed CCs during in vitro maturation (IVM) does not improve their developmental competence. On the contrary, the co-presence of intact COCs during denuded oocyte IVM partially restores their developmental capability. The absence of CCs investment causes a drop of cAMP content in DOs at the beginning of IVM and the addition of a cAMP analog in the culture medium does not restore the initial oocyte developmental competence. The relative GSH content of denuded oocyte matured in presence of intact COCs is consistent with the partial recovery of their developmental capability. However, the complete restoration of a full embryonic developmental potential is achieved only when DOs are co-cultured with intact COCs during both IVM and in vitro fertilization (IVF). Our results suggest that the direct interaction between oocyte and CCs is not essential during IVM and IVF of denuded oocyte. We hypothesize that putative diffusible factor(s), produced by CCs and/or by the crosstalk between oocyte and CCs in the intact complex, could play a key role in the acquisition of developmental competence of the denuded female gamete. (c) 2005 Wiley-Liss, Inc.
denuded oocyte; cumulus-oocyte complex; cAMP; cysteamine; glutathione; secreted factors
Settore VET/01 - Anatomia degli Animali Domestici
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2434/9977
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