Remyelination failure in multiple sclerosis (MS) is associated with a migration/differentiation block of oligodendroglia. The reason for this block is highly debated. It could result from disease-related extrinsic or intrinsic regulators in oligodendroglial biology. To avoid confounding immune-mediated extrinsic effect, we used an immune-deficient mouse model to compare induced pluripotent stem cell-derived oligodendroglia from MS and healthy donors following engraftment in the developing CNS. We show that the MS-progeny behaves and differentiates into oligodendrocytes to the same extent as controls. They generate equal amounts of myelin, with bona fide nodes of Ranvier, and promote equal restoration of their host slow conduction. MS-progeny expressed oligodendrocyte- and astrocyte-specific connexins and established functional connections with donor and host glia. Thus, MS oligodendroglia, regardless of major immune manipulators, are intrinsically capable of myelination and making functional axo-glia/glia-glia connections, reinforcing the view that the MS oligodendrocyte differentiation block is not from major intrinsic oligodendroglial deficits.

Multiple sclerosis iPS-derived oligodendroglia conserve their properties to functionally interact with axons and glia in vivo / S. Mozafari, L. Starost, B. Manot-Saillet, B. Garcia-Diaz, Y.K.T. Xu, D. Roussel, M.J.F. Levy, L. Ottoboni, K. Kim, H.R. Schöler, T.E. Kennedy, J.P. Antel, G. Martino, M.C. Angulo, T. Kuhlmann, A. Baron-Van Evercooren. - In: SCIENCE ADVANCES. - ISSN 2375-2548. - 6:49(2020 Dec), pp. eabc6983.1-eabc6983.16. [10.1126/sciadv.abc6983]

Multiple sclerosis iPS-derived oligodendroglia conserve their properties to functionally interact with axons and glia in vivo

L. Ottoboni;
2020

Abstract

Remyelination failure in multiple sclerosis (MS) is associated with a migration/differentiation block of oligodendroglia. The reason for this block is highly debated. It could result from disease-related extrinsic or intrinsic regulators in oligodendroglial biology. To avoid confounding immune-mediated extrinsic effect, we used an immune-deficient mouse model to compare induced pluripotent stem cell-derived oligodendroglia from MS and healthy donors following engraftment in the developing CNS. We show that the MS-progeny behaves and differentiates into oligodendrocytes to the same extent as controls. They generate equal amounts of myelin, with bona fide nodes of Ranvier, and promote equal restoration of their host slow conduction. MS-progeny expressed oligodendrocyte- and astrocyte-specific connexins and established functional connections with donor and host glia. Thus, MS oligodendroglia, regardless of major immune manipulators, are intrinsically capable of myelination and making functional axo-glia/glia-glia connections, reinforcing the view that the MS oligodendrocyte differentiation block is not from major intrinsic oligodendroglial deficits.
Settore MED/50 - Scienze Tecniche Mediche Applicate
Settore MED/26 - Neurologia
dic-2020
Article (author)
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2434/967957
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