BackgroundNecrotizing enterocolitis (NEC) is a highly painful intestinal complication in preterm infants that requires adequate pain management to prevent short- and long-term effects of neonatal pain. There is a lack of international guidelines for pain management in NEC patients. Therefore, this study aims to describe current pain management for NEC patients in European neonatal intensive care units (NICUs).MethodsAn online survey was designed and conducted to assess current practices in pain management for NEC patients in European NICUs. The survey was distributed via neonatal societies, digital platforms, and professional contacts.ResultsOut of the 259 responding unique European NICUs from 36 countries, 61% had a standard protocol for analgesic therapy, 73% assessed pain during NEC, and 92% treated NEC patients with intravenous analgosedatives. There was strong heterogeneity in the used pain scales and initial analgesic therapy, which mainly included acetaminophen (70%), fentanyl (56%), and/or morphine (49%). A third of NICU representatives considered their pain assessment adequate, and half considered their analgesic therapy adequate for NEC patients.ConclusionsVarious pain scales and analgesics are used to treat NEC patients in European NICUs. Our results provide the first step towards an international guideline to improve pain management for NEC patients.ImpactThis study provides an overview of current pain management practices for infants with necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC) in European neonatal intensive care units.Choice of pain assessment tools, analgosedatives, and dosages vary considerably among NICUs and countries.A third of NICU representatives were satisfied with their current pain assessment practices and half of NICU representatives with their analgesic therapy practices in NEC patients in their NICU.The results of this survey may provide a first step towards developing a European pain management consensus guideline for patients with NEC.

Current pain management practices for preterm infants with necrotizing enterocolitis: a European survey / J.A. Ten Barge, G.E. van den Bosch, N.J. Meesters, K. Allegaert, C. Arribas, G. Cavallaro, F. Garrido, G. Raffaeli, M.J. Vermeulen, S.H.P. Simons. - In: PEDIATRIC RESEARCH. - ISSN 0031-3998. - (2023 Feb), pp. 1-9. [10.1038/s41390-023-02508-2]

Current pain management practices for preterm infants with necrotizing enterocolitis: a European survey

G. Raffaeli;
2023

Abstract

BackgroundNecrotizing enterocolitis (NEC) is a highly painful intestinal complication in preterm infants that requires adequate pain management to prevent short- and long-term effects of neonatal pain. There is a lack of international guidelines for pain management in NEC patients. Therefore, this study aims to describe current pain management for NEC patients in European neonatal intensive care units (NICUs).MethodsAn online survey was designed and conducted to assess current practices in pain management for NEC patients in European NICUs. The survey was distributed via neonatal societies, digital platforms, and professional contacts.ResultsOut of the 259 responding unique European NICUs from 36 countries, 61% had a standard protocol for analgesic therapy, 73% assessed pain during NEC, and 92% treated NEC patients with intravenous analgosedatives. There was strong heterogeneity in the used pain scales and initial analgesic therapy, which mainly included acetaminophen (70%), fentanyl (56%), and/or morphine (49%). A third of NICU representatives considered their pain assessment adequate, and half considered their analgesic therapy adequate for NEC patients.ConclusionsVarious pain scales and analgesics are used to treat NEC patients in European NICUs. Our results provide the first step towards an international guideline to improve pain management for NEC patients.ImpactThis study provides an overview of current pain management practices for infants with necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC) in European neonatal intensive care units.Choice of pain assessment tools, analgosedatives, and dosages vary considerably among NICUs and countries.A third of NICU representatives were satisfied with their current pain assessment practices and half of NICU representatives with their analgesic therapy practices in NEC patients in their NICU.The results of this survey may provide a first step towards developing a European pain management consensus guideline for patients with NEC.
Settore MED/38 - Pediatria Generale e Specialistica
feb-2023
24-feb-2023
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2434/961150
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