Manufacturing of probiotics and functional foods using lactic acid bacteria (LAB) that overproduce vitamin B-2 has gained growing interest due to ariboflavinosis problems affecting populations of both developing and affluent countries. Two isogenic Lactiplantibacillus plantarum strains, namely a riboflavin-producing parental strain (UFG9) and a roseoflavin-resistant strain (B2) that carries a mutation in the FMN-aptamer of the potential rib operon riboswitch, were analysed for production and intra- and extracellular accumulation of flavins, as well as for regulation of the rib operon expression. Strain B2 accumulated in the medium one of the highest levels of riboflavin+FMN ever reported for LAB, exceeding by similar to 25 times those accumulated by UFG9. Inside the cells, concentration of FAD was similar in both strains, while that of riboflavin+FMN was similar to 8-fold higher in B2. Mutation B2 could decrease the stability of the aptamer's regulatory P1 helix even in the presence of the effector, thus promoting the antiterminator structure of the riboswitch ON state. Although the B2-mutant riboswitch showed an impaired regulatory activity, it retained partial functionality being still sensitive to the effector. The extraordinary capacity of strain B2 to produce riboflavin, together with its metabolic versatility and probiotic properties, can be exploited for manufacturing multifunctional foods.

A single change in the aptamer of the Lactiplantibacillus plantarum rib operon riboswitch severely impairs its regulatory activity and leads to a vitamin B2 - overproducing phenotype / I. Ripa, J.Á. Ruiz-Masó, N. De Simone, P. Russo, G. Spano, G. Del Solar. - In: MICROBIAL BIOTECHNOLOGY. - ISSN 1751-7915. - 15:4(2022 Apr), pp. 1253-1269. [10.1111/1751-7915.13919]

A single change in the aptamer of the Lactiplantibacillus plantarum rib operon riboswitch severely impairs its regulatory activity and leads to a vitamin B2 - overproducing phenotype

P. Russo;
2022

Abstract

Manufacturing of probiotics and functional foods using lactic acid bacteria (LAB) that overproduce vitamin B-2 has gained growing interest due to ariboflavinosis problems affecting populations of both developing and affluent countries. Two isogenic Lactiplantibacillus plantarum strains, namely a riboflavin-producing parental strain (UFG9) and a roseoflavin-resistant strain (B2) that carries a mutation in the FMN-aptamer of the potential rib operon riboswitch, were analysed for production and intra- and extracellular accumulation of flavins, as well as for regulation of the rib operon expression. Strain B2 accumulated in the medium one of the highest levels of riboflavin+FMN ever reported for LAB, exceeding by similar to 25 times those accumulated by UFG9. Inside the cells, concentration of FAD was similar in both strains, while that of riboflavin+FMN was similar to 8-fold higher in B2. Mutation B2 could decrease the stability of the aptamer's regulatory P1 helix even in the presence of the effector, thus promoting the antiterminator structure of the riboswitch ON state. Although the B2-mutant riboswitch showed an impaired regulatory activity, it retained partial functionality being still sensitive to the effector. The extraordinary capacity of strain B2 to produce riboflavin, together with its metabolic versatility and probiotic properties, can be exploited for manufacturing multifunctional foods.
Settore AGR/16 - Microbiologia Agraria
apr-2022
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2434/952095
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