We present an improved measurement of the carbon-nitrogen-oxygen (CNO) solar neutrino interaction rate at Earth obtained with the complete Borexino Phase-III dataset. The measured rate, RCNO=6.7-0.8+2.0 counts/(day×100 tonnes), allows us to exclude the absence of the CNO signal with about 7σ C.L. The correspondent CNO neutrino flux is 6.6-0.9+2.0×108 cm-2 s-1, taking into account the neutrino flavor conversion. We use the new CNO measurement to evaluate the C and N abundances in the Sun with respect to the H abundance for the first time with solar neutrinos. Our result of NCN=(5.78-1.00+1.86)×10-4 displays a ∼2σ tension with the "low-metallicity"spectroscopic photospheric measurements. Furthermore, our result used together with the Be7 and B8 solar neutrino fluxes, also measured by Borexino, permits us to disfavor at 3.1σ C.L. the "low-metallicity"standard solar model B16-AGSS09met as an alternative to the "high-metallicity"standard solar model B16-GS98. (Borexino Collaboration)

Improved Measurement of Solar Neutrinos from the Carbon-Nitrogen-Oxygen Cycle by Borexino and Its Implications for the Standard Solar Model / S. Appel, Z. Bagdasarian, D. Basilico, G. Bellini, J. Benziger, R. Biondi, B. Caccianiga, F. Calaprice, A. Caminata, P. Cavalcante, A. Chepurnov, D. D'Angelo, A. Derbin, A. Di Giacinto, V. Di Marcello, X.F. Ding, A. Di Ludovico, L. Di Noto, I. Drachnev, D. Franco, C. Galbiati, C. Ghiano, M. Giammarchi, A. Goretti, A.S. Göttel, M. Gromov, D. Guffanti, A. Ianni, A. Ianni, A. Jany, V. Kobychev, G. Korga, S. Kumaran, M. Laubenstein, E. Litvinovich, P. Lombardi, I. Lomskaya, L. Ludhova, G. Lukyanchenko, I. Machulin, J. Martyn, E. Meroni, L. Miramonti, M. Misiaszek, V. Muratova, R. Nugmanov, L. Oberauer, V. Orekhov, F. Ortica, M. Pallavicini, L. Papp, L. Pelicci, Ö. Penek, L. Pietrofaccia, N. Pilipenko, A. Pocar, G. Raikov, M.T. Ranalli, G. Ranucci, A. Razeto, A. Re, M. Redchuk, N. Rossi, S. Schönert, D. Semenov, G. Settanta, M. Skorokhvatov, A. Singhal, O. Smirnov, A. Sotnikov, R. Tartaglia, G. Testera, E. Unzhakov, F.L. Villante, A. Vishneva, R.B. Vogelaar, F. von Feilitzsch, M. Wojcik, M. Wurm, S. Zavatarelli, K. Zuber, G. Zuzel. - In: PHYSICAL REVIEW LETTERS. - ISSN 0031-9007. - 129:25(2022 Dec 12), pp. 252701.252701-1-252701.252701-10. [10.1103/PhysRevLett.129.252701]

Improved Measurement of Solar Neutrinos from the Carbon-Nitrogen-Oxygen Cycle by Borexino and Its Implications for the Standard Solar Model

D. Basilico;G. Bellini;B. Caccianiga;D. D'Angelo;L. Miramonti;A. Re;
2022

Abstract

We present an improved measurement of the carbon-nitrogen-oxygen (CNO) solar neutrino interaction rate at Earth obtained with the complete Borexino Phase-III dataset. The measured rate, RCNO=6.7-0.8+2.0 counts/(day×100 tonnes), allows us to exclude the absence of the CNO signal with about 7σ C.L. The correspondent CNO neutrino flux is 6.6-0.9+2.0×108 cm-2 s-1, taking into account the neutrino flavor conversion. We use the new CNO measurement to evaluate the C and N abundances in the Sun with respect to the H abundance for the first time with solar neutrinos. Our result of NCN=(5.78-1.00+1.86)×10-4 displays a ∼2σ tension with the "low-metallicity"spectroscopic photospheric measurements. Furthermore, our result used together with the Be7 and B8 solar neutrino fluxes, also measured by Borexino, permits us to disfavor at 3.1σ C.L. the "low-metallicity"standard solar model B16-AGSS09met as an alternative to the "high-metallicity"standard solar model B16-GS98. (Borexino Collaboration)
Settore FIS/01 - Fisica Sperimentale
12-dic-2022
Article (author)
File in questo prodotto:
File Dimensione Formato  
PhysRevLett.129.252701.pdf

accesso aperto

Tipologia: Publisher's version/PDF
Dimensione 1.41 MB
Formato Adobe PDF
1.41 MB Adobe PDF Visualizza/Apri
Pubblicazioni consigliate

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2434/951180
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? 0
  • Scopus 25
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 9
social impact