Background US-indeterminate adnexal lesions remain an important indication for gynecologic surgery. MRI can serve as a problem-solving tool through the use of the Ovarian-Adnexal Imaging Reporting and Data System (O-RADS) MRI lexicon, which is based on the ADNEX MR scoring system. Purpose To perform a systematic review and meta-analysis of the diagnostic performance of pelvic MRI interpreted using the ADNEX or O-RADS MRI stratification systems to characterize US-indeterminate adnexal lesions and of the category-wise malignancy rates. Materials and Methods A systematic literature search from May 2013 (publication of the ADNEX MR score) to September 2022 was performed. Studies reporting the use of pelvic MRI interpreted with the ADNEX or O-RADS MRI systems to characterize US-indeterminate adnexal lesions, with pathologic examination and/or follow-up as the reference standard, were included. Summary estimates of diagnostic performance were obtained with the bivariate random-effects model, while category-wise summary malignancy rates of O-RADS MRI 2, 3, 4, and 5 lesions were obtained with a random-effects model. Effects of covariates on heterogeneity and diagnostic performance were investigated through meta-regression. Results Thirteen study parts from 12 studies (3731 women, 4520 adnexal lesions) met the inclusion criteria. Diagnostic performance meta-analysis for 4012 lesions found a 92% summary sensitivity (95% CI: 88, 95) and a 91% summary specificity (95% CI: 89, 93). The meta-analysis of malignancy rates for 3641 lesions showed summary malignancy rates of 0.1% (95% CI: 0, 1) among O-RADS MRI 2 lesions, 6% (95% CI: 3, 9) among O-RADS MRI 3 lesions, 60% (95% CI: 52, 67) among O-RADS MRI 4 lesions, and 96% (95% CI: 92, 99) among O-RADS MRI 5 lesions. Conclusion Pelvic MRI interpreted with the Ovarian-Adnexal Reporting and Data System (O-RADS) MRI lexicon had high diagnostic performance for the characterization of US-indeterminate adnexal lesions. Summary estimates of malignancy rates in the O-RADS MRI 4 and O-RADS MRI 5 categories were higher than predicted ones.

O-RADS MRI : A systematic review and meta-analysis of diagnostic performance and category-wise malignancy rates / S.M.R. Rizzo, A. Cozzi, M. Dolciami, F. Del Grande, A.L. Scarano, A. Papadia, B. Gui, N. Gandolfo, A.C.C. Catalano, L. Manganaro. - In: RADIOLOGY. - ISSN 0033-8419. - (2022 Nov 22). [Epub ahead of print] [10.1148/radiol.220795]

O-RADS MRI : A systematic review and meta-analysis of diagnostic performance and category-wise malignancy rates

S.M.R. Rizzo
Primo
;
A. Cozzi
Secondo
;
A.C.C. Catalano
Penultimo
;
2022

Abstract

Background US-indeterminate adnexal lesions remain an important indication for gynecologic surgery. MRI can serve as a problem-solving tool through the use of the Ovarian-Adnexal Imaging Reporting and Data System (O-RADS) MRI lexicon, which is based on the ADNEX MR scoring system. Purpose To perform a systematic review and meta-analysis of the diagnostic performance of pelvic MRI interpreted using the ADNEX or O-RADS MRI stratification systems to characterize US-indeterminate adnexal lesions and of the category-wise malignancy rates. Materials and Methods A systematic literature search from May 2013 (publication of the ADNEX MR score) to September 2022 was performed. Studies reporting the use of pelvic MRI interpreted with the ADNEX or O-RADS MRI systems to characterize US-indeterminate adnexal lesions, with pathologic examination and/or follow-up as the reference standard, were included. Summary estimates of diagnostic performance were obtained with the bivariate random-effects model, while category-wise summary malignancy rates of O-RADS MRI 2, 3, 4, and 5 lesions were obtained with a random-effects model. Effects of covariates on heterogeneity and diagnostic performance were investigated through meta-regression. Results Thirteen study parts from 12 studies (3731 women, 4520 adnexal lesions) met the inclusion criteria. Diagnostic performance meta-analysis for 4012 lesions found a 92% summary sensitivity (95% CI: 88, 95) and a 91% summary specificity (95% CI: 89, 93). The meta-analysis of malignancy rates for 3641 lesions showed summary malignancy rates of 0.1% (95% CI: 0, 1) among O-RADS MRI 2 lesions, 6% (95% CI: 3, 9) among O-RADS MRI 3 lesions, 60% (95% CI: 52, 67) among O-RADS MRI 4 lesions, and 96% (95% CI: 92, 99) among O-RADS MRI 5 lesions. Conclusion Pelvic MRI interpreted with the Ovarian-Adnexal Reporting and Data System (O-RADS) MRI lexicon had high diagnostic performance for the characterization of US-indeterminate adnexal lesions. Summary estimates of malignancy rates in the O-RADS MRI 4 and O-RADS MRI 5 categories were higher than predicted ones.
Settore MED/36 - Diagnostica per Immagini e Radioterapia
Settore MED/40 - Ginecologia e Ostetricia
Settore MED/06 - Oncologia Medica
22-nov-2022
Article (author)
File in questo prodotto:
Non ci sono file associati a questo prodotto.
Pubblicazioni consigliate

Caricamento pubblicazioni consigliate

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2434/949468
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? 0
  • Scopus ND
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? ND
social impact