In the present work a historical collection of early synthetic dyes belonging to an Italian museum was investigated through different analytical techniques: Fourier-transform Infrared (FTIR), UV-visible, Raman and surface-enhanced Raman (SERS) spectroscopies, CHN elemental analysis, electron-spray ionization mass spectrometry (ESI-MS) and X-ray diffraction (XRD). The aim was to characterise five dyes of unknown composition, produced by one of the main dyeing industries of the 19th century, the Leopold Cassella & Co. An extensive bibliographic research was carried out in order to verify the reliability of the hypotheses formulated on the basis of the analytical data.

Early synthetic textile dyes of the late 19th century from the “Primo Levi” Chemistry Museum (Rome): A multi-technique analytical investigation / M. Longoni, M. Gavazzi, D. Monti, S. Bruni. - In: JOURNAL OF CULTURAL HERITAGE. - ISSN 1296-2074. - 59:(2023), pp. 131-139. [10.1016/j.culher.2022.11.013]

Early synthetic textile dyes of the late 19th century from the “Primo Levi” Chemistry Museum (Rome): A multi-technique analytical investigation

M. Longoni
Primo
;
S. Bruni
Ultimo
2023

Abstract

In the present work a historical collection of early synthetic dyes belonging to an Italian museum was investigated through different analytical techniques: Fourier-transform Infrared (FTIR), UV-visible, Raman and surface-enhanced Raman (SERS) spectroscopies, CHN elemental analysis, electron-spray ionization mass spectrometry (ESI-MS) and X-ray diffraction (XRD). The aim was to characterise five dyes of unknown composition, produced by one of the main dyeing industries of the 19th century, the Leopold Cassella & Co. An extensive bibliographic research was carried out in order to verify the reliability of the hypotheses formulated on the basis of the analytical data.
Early synthetic dyes; Multi-technique analytical investigation; Historical sources; “Primo Levi” Chemistry Museum (Rome)
Settore CHIM/01 - Chimica Analitica
Settore CHIM/12 - Chimica dell'Ambiente e dei Beni Culturali
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2434/948651
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