The New Caledonia ophiolitic sequence consists of mantle rocks (harzburgites and minor lherzolites) locally overlain by mafic-ultramafic cumulates. The harzburgites are highly refractory residues which underwent fluidassisted melting in a fore-arc setting (e.g. Secchiari et al., 2019), whereas the moderately depleted lherzolites show an abyssal-type affinity (Secchiari et al., 2016). In this study we report the first petrological data on pyroxenites associated with the peridotites. The pyroxenites were collected in the harzburgites from the central part of the island (Bogota Peninsula) and in the northern lherzolites (Poum Massif). The Bogota mylonitic harzburgites record deformation along a paleotransform fault (Prinzhofer and Nicolas, 1980; Teyssier et al., 2016). The pyroxenites (~5-15 cm thick) generally cut at variable angles the peridotite foliation but concordant layers, locally boudinaged, also occur, thus suggesting emplacement during and after HT shearing deformation (Titus et al, 2011). Pyroxenites display textures ranging from cumulitic to porphyroclastic or granoblasticpolygonal. They include orthopyroxenites (Opx+Cr-Spl ±Ol) and websterites, (Opx+Cpx ± Cr-Spl± Edenite). The pyroxenites commonly have refractory assemblages characterized by Opx and Cpx with high Mg# (91- 92 and ~93, respectively), Cr-rich spinel (Cr# = 50-61) and Fo-rich olivine (91-93 mol%), whereas Cpx and Opx with higher Fe contents and negligible Cr2 O3 occur in the amphibole-bearing rocks. The Poum lherzolites contain cm-thick concordant orthopyroxenites characterized by exsolved Opx (Mg# ~91-92), Fo-rich Ol (91- 92 mol%), Spl with variable Cr# (25-52) and small amounts of Cpx. Equilibration T calculated employing conventional pyroxene geothermometers for the Bogota pyroxenites (930-1040°C) are comparable with those obtained for the enclosing harzburgites (~950°C). The Poum pyroxenite yields higher T (~1000-1100°C) in the range of those determined for the porphyroclastic assemblage of the host lherzolites (Secchiari et al., 2016). Prinzhofer A. & Nicolas A. (1980) - The Bogota Peninsula, New Caledonia: A possible oceanic transform fault. J. Geol., 88, 387–398. Secchiari A., Montanini A., Bosch D., Macera, P. & Cluzel D. (2016) - Melt extraction and enrichment processes in the New Caledonia lherzolites: evidence from geochemical and Sr-Nd isotope data. Lithos, 260, 28-43. Secchiari A., Montanini A., Bosch D., Macera, P. & Cluzel D. (2019) - Sr, Nd, Pb and trace element systematics of the New Caledonia harzburgites: Tracking source depletion and contamination processes in a SSZ setting. Geosci. Front., in press. Teyssier C., Chatzaras V. & Von Der Handt A. (2016) - Microfabrics in depleted mantle paleotransform (New Caledonia). Geophys. Res. Abstr., 18. Titus S.J., Maes S.M., Benford B., Ferré E.C. & Tikoff B. (2011) - Fabric development in the mantle section of a paleotransform fault and its effect on ophiolite obduction, New Caledonia. Lithosphere, 3, 221-244.

Pyroxenite diversity in suprasubduction mantle: preliminary data from the New Caledonia ophiolite / E. Ferrari, A. Montanini, A. Secchiari, D.&.C.D. Bosch. ((Intervento presentato al convegno Congresso SIMP-SGI-SOGEI 2019 tenutosi a Parma nel 2019.

Pyroxenite diversity in suprasubduction mantle: preliminary data from the New Caledonia ophiolite

A. Secchiari
Penultimo
;
2019

Abstract

The New Caledonia ophiolitic sequence consists of mantle rocks (harzburgites and minor lherzolites) locally overlain by mafic-ultramafic cumulates. The harzburgites are highly refractory residues which underwent fluidassisted melting in a fore-arc setting (e.g. Secchiari et al., 2019), whereas the moderately depleted lherzolites show an abyssal-type affinity (Secchiari et al., 2016). In this study we report the first petrological data on pyroxenites associated with the peridotites. The pyroxenites were collected in the harzburgites from the central part of the island (Bogota Peninsula) and in the northern lherzolites (Poum Massif). The Bogota mylonitic harzburgites record deformation along a paleotransform fault (Prinzhofer and Nicolas, 1980; Teyssier et al., 2016). The pyroxenites (~5-15 cm thick) generally cut at variable angles the peridotite foliation but concordant layers, locally boudinaged, also occur, thus suggesting emplacement during and after HT shearing deformation (Titus et al, 2011). Pyroxenites display textures ranging from cumulitic to porphyroclastic or granoblasticpolygonal. They include orthopyroxenites (Opx+Cr-Spl ±Ol) and websterites, (Opx+Cpx ± Cr-Spl± Edenite). The pyroxenites commonly have refractory assemblages characterized by Opx and Cpx with high Mg# (91- 92 and ~93, respectively), Cr-rich spinel (Cr# = 50-61) and Fo-rich olivine (91-93 mol%), whereas Cpx and Opx with higher Fe contents and negligible Cr2 O3 occur in the amphibole-bearing rocks. The Poum lherzolites contain cm-thick concordant orthopyroxenites characterized by exsolved Opx (Mg# ~91-92), Fo-rich Ol (91- 92 mol%), Spl with variable Cr# (25-52) and small amounts of Cpx. Equilibration T calculated employing conventional pyroxene geothermometers for the Bogota pyroxenites (930-1040°C) are comparable with those obtained for the enclosing harzburgites (~950°C). The Poum pyroxenite yields higher T (~1000-1100°C) in the range of those determined for the porphyroclastic assemblage of the host lherzolites (Secchiari et al., 2016). Prinzhofer A. & Nicolas A. (1980) - The Bogota Peninsula, New Caledonia: A possible oceanic transform fault. J. Geol., 88, 387–398. Secchiari A., Montanini A., Bosch D., Macera, P. & Cluzel D. (2016) - Melt extraction and enrichment processes in the New Caledonia lherzolites: evidence from geochemical and Sr-Nd isotope data. Lithos, 260, 28-43. Secchiari A., Montanini A., Bosch D., Macera, P. & Cluzel D. (2019) - Sr, Nd, Pb and trace element systematics of the New Caledonia harzburgites: Tracking source depletion and contamination processes in a SSZ setting. Geosci. Front., in press. Teyssier C., Chatzaras V. & Von Der Handt A. (2016) - Microfabrics in depleted mantle paleotransform (New Caledonia). Geophys. Res. Abstr., 18. Titus S.J., Maes S.M., Benford B., Ferré E.C. & Tikoff B. (2011) - Fabric development in the mantle section of a paleotransform fault and its effect on ophiolite obduction, New Caledonia. Lithosphere, 3, 221-244.
New Caledonia, ophiolitic sequence, pyroxenites;
Settore GEO/07 - Petrologia e Petrografia
Società Geologica Italiana
Pyroxenite diversity in suprasubduction mantle: preliminary data from the New Caledonia ophiolite / E. Ferrari, A. Montanini, A. Secchiari, D.&.C.D. Bosch. ((Intervento presentato al convegno Congresso SIMP-SGI-SOGEI 2019 tenutosi a Parma nel 2019.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2434/946432
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