Acquired von Willebrand syndrome (AVWS) is a rare, non-hereditary bleeding disorder related to heterogeneous medical conditions such as hematological malignancies and cardiovascular and autoimmune diseases. We describe the clinical course of a 62-year-old man with polycythemia vera who experienced post-traumatic knee and leg swelling due to hemarthrosis. He was treated at another center with low molecular weight heparin due to misdiagnosed deep vein thrombosis further exacerbating the ongoing bleeding. At our center, he was diagnosed with AVWS with reduced von Willebrand factor (VWF):GPIbR plasma activity and loss of high molecular weight multimers (HMWM). He was treated with compressive bandages with resolution. Five months later, on clinical recurrence of knee and leg swelling, knee ultrasound scan showed the presence of chronic synovitis and a hemorrhagic Baker’s cyst with signs of rupture. The treatment consisted of chemical synovectomy with rifampicin and steroids preceded by systemic replacement therapy using plasma-derived factor VIII-VWF concentrate. At the end of the treatment cycle, our patient reported complete resolution of knee pain and restoration of joint range of motion and function. Ultrasound evaluation confirmed complete resolution of knee capsule distension and Baker’s cyst. Hemarthrosis is an anecdotal presentation of AVWS and chemical synovectomy was successful in treating this complication. A multidisciplinary approach allowed an effective management of this rare complication.

Successful Chemical Synovectomy in a Patient with Acquired von Willebrand Syndrome with Chronic Synovitis Due to Recurrent Knee Hemarthrosis: A Case Report / R. Gualtierotti, C. De Magistris, E. Biguzzi, J. Acquati Lozej, A. Iurlo, L.P. Solimeno, F. Peyvandi. - In: RHEUMATOLOGY AND THERAPY. - ISSN 2198-6576. - 9:5(2022 Oct), pp. 1465-1474. [10.1007/s40744-022-00477-2]

Successful Chemical Synovectomy in a Patient with Acquired von Willebrand Syndrome with Chronic Synovitis Due to Recurrent Knee Hemarthrosis: A Case Report

R. Gualtierotti
Primo
;
C. De Magistris
Secondo
;
J. Acquati Lozej;F. Peyvandi
Ultimo
2022

Abstract

Acquired von Willebrand syndrome (AVWS) is a rare, non-hereditary bleeding disorder related to heterogeneous medical conditions such as hematological malignancies and cardiovascular and autoimmune diseases. We describe the clinical course of a 62-year-old man with polycythemia vera who experienced post-traumatic knee and leg swelling due to hemarthrosis. He was treated at another center with low molecular weight heparin due to misdiagnosed deep vein thrombosis further exacerbating the ongoing bleeding. At our center, he was diagnosed with AVWS with reduced von Willebrand factor (VWF):GPIbR plasma activity and loss of high molecular weight multimers (HMWM). He was treated with compressive bandages with resolution. Five months later, on clinical recurrence of knee and leg swelling, knee ultrasound scan showed the presence of chronic synovitis and a hemorrhagic Baker’s cyst with signs of rupture. The treatment consisted of chemical synovectomy with rifampicin and steroids preceded by systemic replacement therapy using plasma-derived factor VIII-VWF concentrate. At the end of the treatment cycle, our patient reported complete resolution of knee pain and restoration of joint range of motion and function. Ultrasound evaluation confirmed complete resolution of knee capsule distension and Baker’s cyst. Hemarthrosis is an anecdotal presentation of AVWS and chemical synovectomy was successful in treating this complication. A multidisciplinary approach allowed an effective management of this rare complication.
Acquired von Willebrand syndrome; Chemical synovectomy; Hemarthrosis;
Settore MED/09 - Medicina Interna
Settore MED/33 - Malattie Apparato Locomotore
Settore MED/15 - Malattie del Sangue
10-ago-2022
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2434/944671
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