Bruffaerts, Gors et al. studied structural brain changes at the asymptomatic stage of monogenic frontotemporal degeneration. They used hierarchical spectral clustering for MRI segmentation to detect changes at different levels of granularity. In asymptomatic c9orf72 expansion carriers additional structural brain changes were observed in comparison to conventional methods.Traditional methods for detecting asymptomatic brain changes in neurodegenerative diseases such as Alzheimer's disease or frontotemporal degeneration typically evaluate changes in volume at a predefined level of granularity, e.g. voxel-wise or in a priori defined cortical volumes of interest. Here, we apply a method based on hierarchical spectral clustering, a graph-based partitioning technique. Our method uses multiple levels of segmentation for detecting changes in a data-driven, unbiased, comprehensive manner within a standard statistical framework. Furthermore, spectral clustering allows for detection of changes in shape along with changes in size. We performed tensor-based morphometry to detect changes in the Genetic Frontotemporal dementia Initiative asymptomatic and symptomatic frontotemporal degeneration mutation carriers using hierarchical spectral clustering and compared the outcome to that obtained with a more conventional voxel-wise tensor- and voxel-based morphometric analysis. In the symptomatic groups, the hierarchical spectral clustering-based method yielded results that were largely in line with those obtained with the voxel-wise approach. In asymptomatic C9orf72 expansion carriers, spectral clustering detected changes in size in medial temporal cortex that voxel-wise methods could only detect in the symptomatic phase. Furthermore, in the asymptomatic and the symptomatic phases, the spectral clustering approach detected changes in shape in the premotor cortex in C9orf72. In summary, the present study shows the merit of hierarchical spectral clustering for data-driven segmentation and detection of structural changes in the symptomatic and asymptomatic stages of monogenic frontotemporal degeneration.

Hierarchical spectral clustering reveals brain size and shape changes in asymptomatic carriers of C9orf72 / R. Bruffaerts, D. Gors, A. Gallardo, M. Vandenbulcke, P. Van Damme, P. Suetens, J. van Swieten, B. Borroni, R. Sanchez-Valle, F. Moreno, R. Laforce, C. Graff, M. Synofzik, D. Galimberti, J. Rowe, M. Masellis, M. Tartaglia, E. Finger, A. de Mendonca, F. Tagliavini, C. Butler, I. Santana, A. Gerhard, S. Ducharme, J. Levin, A. Danek, M. Otto, J. Rohrer, P. Dupont, P. Claes, R. Vandenberghe. - In: BRAIN COMMUNICATIONS. - ISSN 2632-1297. - 4:4(2022), pp. fcac182.1-fcac182.16. [10.1093/braincomms/fcac182]

Hierarchical spectral clustering reveals brain size and shape changes in asymptomatic carriers of C9orf72

D. Galimberti;
2022

Abstract

Bruffaerts, Gors et al. studied structural brain changes at the asymptomatic stage of monogenic frontotemporal degeneration. They used hierarchical spectral clustering for MRI segmentation to detect changes at different levels of granularity. In asymptomatic c9orf72 expansion carriers additional structural brain changes were observed in comparison to conventional methods.Traditional methods for detecting asymptomatic brain changes in neurodegenerative diseases such as Alzheimer's disease or frontotemporal degeneration typically evaluate changes in volume at a predefined level of granularity, e.g. voxel-wise or in a priori defined cortical volumes of interest. Here, we apply a method based on hierarchical spectral clustering, a graph-based partitioning technique. Our method uses multiple levels of segmentation for detecting changes in a data-driven, unbiased, comprehensive manner within a standard statistical framework. Furthermore, spectral clustering allows for detection of changes in shape along with changes in size. We performed tensor-based morphometry to detect changes in the Genetic Frontotemporal dementia Initiative asymptomatic and symptomatic frontotemporal degeneration mutation carriers using hierarchical spectral clustering and compared the outcome to that obtained with a more conventional voxel-wise tensor- and voxel-based morphometric analysis. In the symptomatic groups, the hierarchical spectral clustering-based method yielded results that were largely in line with those obtained with the voxel-wise approach. In asymptomatic C9orf72 expansion carriers, spectral clustering detected changes in size in medial temporal cortex that voxel-wise methods could only detect in the symptomatic phase. Furthermore, in the asymptomatic and the symptomatic phases, the spectral clustering approach detected changes in shape in the premotor cortex in C9orf72. In summary, the present study shows the merit of hierarchical spectral clustering for data-driven segmentation and detection of structural changes in the symptomatic and asymptomatic stages of monogenic frontotemporal degeneration.
genetic frontotemporal dementia; structural MRI; tensor-based morphometry; brain segmentation; size; shape
Settore BIO/13 - Biologia Applicata
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2434/943675
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