Simple Summary Medullary thyroid carcinoma (MTC) is a neuroendocrine tumor arising from parafollicular calcitonin-secreting C cells of the thyroid. Most of the patients affected by MTC, especially the familial form, harbor a mutation of the RET proto-oncogene. In patients with advanced disease, medical therapy is represented by two tyrosine-kinase inhibitors: cabozantinib and vandetanib. However, their usage is limited by several adverse events and drug-resistance onset. The aim of this preclinical study was to evaluate the antitumor activity of novel molecules for the therapy of MTC: SU5402, an inhibitor of the fibroblast growth factor receptor type 1 (FGFR-1) and vascular endothelial growth factor receptor (VEGFR)-2; sulfatinib, a multi-target kinase inhibitor selective for FGFR-1 and the VEGFR-1, -2, and -3; SPP86, a RET-specific inhibitor. Our results suggest a potential role in targeting the FGFR and VEGFR signaling pathways as an alternative strategy for resistant tumors and a significative antitumor activity of this new RET-specific inhibitor. Medullary thyroid carcinoma (MTC) is a neuroendocrine tumor arising from parafollicular C cells of the thyroid gland. In this preclinical study, we tested three tyrosine-kinase inhibitors (TKIs): SU5402, a selective inhibitor of fibroblast growth factor receptor (FGFR)-1 and vascular endothelial growth factor receptor (VEGFR)-2; sulfatinib, an inhibitor of FGFR-1 and VEGFR-1, -2, -3; and SPP86, a RET-specific inhibitor. The effects of these compounds were evaluated in vitro in two human MTC cell lines (TT and MZ-CRC-1), and in vivo using xenografts of MTC cells in zebrafish embryos. SU5402, sulfatinib and SPP86 decreased cell viability. Sulfatinib and SPP86 significantly induced apoptosis in both cell lines. Sulfatinib and SPP86 inhibited the migration of TT and MZCRC-1 cells, while SU5402 was able to inhibit migration only in TT cells. In vivo we observed a significant reduction in TT cell-induced angiogenesis in zebrafish embryos after incubation with sulfatinib and SPP86. In conclusion, sulfatinib and SPP86 displayed a relevant antitumor activity both in vitro and in vivo. Moreover, this work suggests the potential utility of targeting FGFR and VEGFR signaling pathways as an alternative therapy for MTC.

Preclinical Evaluation of Novel Tyrosine-Kinase Inhibitors in Medullary Thyroid Cancer / D. Saronni, G. Gaudenzi, A. Dicitore, S. Carra, M.C. Cantone, M.O. Borghi, A. Barbieri, L. Mignani, L.J. Hofland, L. Persani, G. Vitale. - In: CANCERS. - ISSN 2072-6694. - 14:18(2022 Sep 13), pp. 4442.1-4442.17. [10.3390/cancers14184442]

Preclinical Evaluation of Novel Tyrosine-Kinase Inhibitors in Medullary Thyroid Cancer

D. Saronni
Primo
;
G. Gaudenzi
Secondo
;
A. Dicitore;S. Carra;M.C. Cantone;M.O. Borghi;A. Barbieri;L. Persani
Penultimo
;
G. Vitale
Ultimo
2022

Abstract

Simple Summary Medullary thyroid carcinoma (MTC) is a neuroendocrine tumor arising from parafollicular calcitonin-secreting C cells of the thyroid. Most of the patients affected by MTC, especially the familial form, harbor a mutation of the RET proto-oncogene. In patients with advanced disease, medical therapy is represented by two tyrosine-kinase inhibitors: cabozantinib and vandetanib. However, their usage is limited by several adverse events and drug-resistance onset. The aim of this preclinical study was to evaluate the antitumor activity of novel molecules for the therapy of MTC: SU5402, an inhibitor of the fibroblast growth factor receptor type 1 (FGFR-1) and vascular endothelial growth factor receptor (VEGFR)-2; sulfatinib, a multi-target kinase inhibitor selective for FGFR-1 and the VEGFR-1, -2, and -3; SPP86, a RET-specific inhibitor. Our results suggest a potential role in targeting the FGFR and VEGFR signaling pathways as an alternative strategy for resistant tumors and a significative antitumor activity of this new RET-specific inhibitor. Medullary thyroid carcinoma (MTC) is a neuroendocrine tumor arising from parafollicular C cells of the thyroid gland. In this preclinical study, we tested three tyrosine-kinase inhibitors (TKIs): SU5402, a selective inhibitor of fibroblast growth factor receptor (FGFR)-1 and vascular endothelial growth factor receptor (VEGFR)-2; sulfatinib, an inhibitor of FGFR-1 and VEGFR-1, -2, -3; and SPP86, a RET-specific inhibitor. The effects of these compounds were evaluated in vitro in two human MTC cell lines (TT and MZ-CRC-1), and in vivo using xenografts of MTC cells in zebrafish embryos. SU5402, sulfatinib and SPP86 decreased cell viability. Sulfatinib and SPP86 significantly induced apoptosis in both cell lines. Sulfatinib and SPP86 inhibited the migration of TT and MZCRC-1 cells, while SU5402 was able to inhibit migration only in TT cells. In vivo we observed a significant reduction in TT cell-induced angiogenesis in zebrafish embryos after incubation with sulfatinib and SPP86. In conclusion, sulfatinib and SPP86 displayed a relevant antitumor activity both in vitro and in vivo. Moreover, this work suggests the potential utility of targeting FGFR and VEGFR signaling pathways as an alternative therapy for MTC.
angiogenesis; apoptosis; medullary thyroid cancer; migration; tumor xenograft; tyrosine kinase inhibitors; zebrafish
Settore MED/13 - Endocrinologia
   From bed to benchside: untAngling THe molecular mechanisms of disease progressioN in neuroenDocRine nEoplAsMS (FAITH IN DREAMS)
   FAITH IN DREAMS
   MINISTERO DELL'ISTRUZIONE E DEL MERITO
   2017Z3N3YC_003
13-set-2022
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2434/939796
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