The Reactive intermediate deaminase (Rid) protein family is a group of enzymes widely distributed in all Kingdoms of Life. RidA is one of the eight known Rid subfamilies, and its members act by preventing the accumulation of 2-aminoacrylate, a highly reactive enamine generated during the metabolism of some amino acids, by hydrolyzing the 2-iminopyruvate tautomer to pyruvate and ammonia. RidA members are homotrimers exhibiting a remarkable thermal stability. Recently, a novel subclass of RidA was identified in teleosts, which differs for stability and substrate specificity from the canonical RidA. In this study we structurally and functionally characterized RidA from Apis mellifera (AmRidA) as the first example of an invertebrate RidA to assess its belonging to the canonical RidA group, and to further correlate structural and functional features of this novel enzyme class. Circular dichroism revealed a spectrum typical of the RidA proteins and the high thermal stability. AmRidA exhibits the 2-imino acid hydrolyze activity typical of RidA family members with a substrate specificity similar to that of the canonical RidA. The crystal structure confirmed the homotrimeric assembly and confirmed the presence of the typical structural features of RidA proteins, such as the proposed substrate recognition loop, and the ß-sheets ß1-ß9 and ß1-ß2. In conclusion, our data define AmRidA as a canonical member of the well-conserved RidA family and further clarify the diagnostic structural features of this class of enzymes.

Apis mellifera RidA, a novel member of the canonical YigF/YER057c/UK114 imine deiminase superfamily of enzymes pre-empting metabolic damage / C. Visentin, G. Rizzi, G. Degani, S. Digiovanni, G. Robecchi, A. Barbiroli, L. Popolo, M.A. Vanoni, S. Ricagno. - In: BIOCHEMICAL AND BIOPHYSICAL RESEARCH COMMUNICATIONS. - ISSN 0006-291X. - (2022). [Epub ahead of print] [10.1016/j.bbrc.2022.05.062]

Apis mellifera RidA, a novel member of the canonical YigF/YER057c/UK114 imine deiminase superfamily of enzymes pre-empting metabolic damage

Visentin, Cristina;Degani, Genny;Digiovanni, Stefania;Barbiroli, Alberto;Popolo, Laura;Vanoni, Maria Antonietta;Ricagno, Stefano
2022

Abstract

The Reactive intermediate deaminase (Rid) protein family is a group of enzymes widely distributed in all Kingdoms of Life. RidA is one of the eight known Rid subfamilies, and its members act by preventing the accumulation of 2-aminoacrylate, a highly reactive enamine generated during the metabolism of some amino acids, by hydrolyzing the 2-iminopyruvate tautomer to pyruvate and ammonia. RidA members are homotrimers exhibiting a remarkable thermal stability. Recently, a novel subclass of RidA was identified in teleosts, which differs for stability and substrate specificity from the canonical RidA. In this study we structurally and functionally characterized RidA from Apis mellifera (AmRidA) as the first example of an invertebrate RidA to assess its belonging to the canonical RidA group, and to further correlate structural and functional features of this novel enzyme class. Circular dichroism revealed a spectrum typical of the RidA proteins and the high thermal stability. AmRidA exhibits the 2-imino acid hydrolyze activity typical of RidA family members with a substrate specificity similar to that of the canonical RidA. The crystal structure confirmed the homotrimeric assembly and confirmed the presence of the typical structural features of RidA proteins, such as the proposed substrate recognition loop, and the ß-sheets ß1-ß9 and ß1-ß2. In conclusion, our data define AmRidA as a canonical member of the well-conserved RidA family and further clarify the diagnostic structural features of this class of enzymes.
Imino acid deiminase; protein stability; metabolic damage; protein structure; RidA enzyme; substrate specificity
Settore BIO/10 - Biochimica
24-mag-2022
BIOCHEMICAL AND BIOPHYSICAL RESEARCH COMMUNICATIONS
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/2434/929233
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