Neospora caninum (Apicomplexa, Sarcocystidae) is a major cause of reproductive failure in cattle. In pigs, only a few studies investigated the effects of this parasite on reproductive efficiency. Considering the relevance of swine farms in northern Italian regions, an epidemiological survey was designed to investigate the spread of N. caninum infection. Three hundred seventy fattening pigs and sows from 23 intensive farms in Lombardy were sampled. Sera were analyzed by a commercial immunofluorescence antibody test. Statistical analysis through univariate and multivariate generalized linear models was conducted to detect farm management practices enhancing the risk of infection. At the farm level, 52.1% (12/23) of the selected farms, 72.7% housing sows and 40% fattening pigs, scored positive. At the individual level, 25 animals (25/370, P = 6.7%) were positive to N. caninum antibodies: one fattening pig and two sows showed an antibody titer of 1:100, and in two sows, an antibody titer of 1:400 and 1:6400 was evidenced. A higher seroprevalence was detected in sows (17/151, P = 11.2%) if compared to fattening pigs (8/219, P = 3.6%) (OR = 1.19, P value = 0.000 in sows). Moreover, a higher seroprevalence was recorded in farms with low and moderate sanitary score (P = 100% and P = 64.2%, respectively) if compared to farms with high sanitary score (P = 22.2%) (OR = 1.24, P value = 0.007 in score = 1 and OR = 1.10, P value = 0.050 in score = 2). This study provides the first data on the circulation of N. caninum in intensive swine farms in Italy, demonstrating the spread of the parasite in fattening pigs and sows in Lombardy region.

Prevalence of Neospora caninum antibodies in fattening pigs and sows from intensive farms in northern Italy / L. Villa, A.L. Gazzonis, C. Allievi, S.A.G. Zanzani, M. Mortarino, M.T. Manfredi. - In: PARASITOLOGY RESEARCH. - ISSN 0932-0113. - 121:3(2022 Mar), pp. 1033-1040. [10.1007/s00436-022-07457-z]

Prevalence of Neospora caninum antibodies in fattening pigs and sows from intensive farms in northern Italy

L. Villa
Primo
;
A.L. Gazzonis
Secondo
;
C. Allievi;S.A.G. Zanzani;M. Mortarino
Penultimo
;
M.T. Manfredi
Ultimo
2022-03

Abstract

Neospora caninum (Apicomplexa, Sarcocystidae) is a major cause of reproductive failure in cattle. In pigs, only a few studies investigated the effects of this parasite on reproductive efficiency. Considering the relevance of swine farms in northern Italian regions, an epidemiological survey was designed to investigate the spread of N. caninum infection. Three hundred seventy fattening pigs and sows from 23 intensive farms in Lombardy were sampled. Sera were analyzed by a commercial immunofluorescence antibody test. Statistical analysis through univariate and multivariate generalized linear models was conducted to detect farm management practices enhancing the risk of infection. At the farm level, 52.1% (12/23) of the selected farms, 72.7% housing sows and 40% fattening pigs, scored positive. At the individual level, 25 animals (25/370, P = 6.7%) were positive to N. caninum antibodies: one fattening pig and two sows showed an antibody titer of 1:100, and in two sows, an antibody titer of 1:400 and 1:6400 was evidenced. A higher seroprevalence was detected in sows (17/151, P = 11.2%) if compared to fattening pigs (8/219, P = 3.6%) (OR = 1.19, P value = 0.000 in sows). Moreover, a higher seroprevalence was recorded in farms with low and moderate sanitary score (P = 100% and P = 64.2%, respectively) if compared to farms with high sanitary score (P = 22.2%) (OR = 1.24, P value = 0.007 in score = 1 and OR = 1.10, P value = 0.050 in score = 2). This study provides the first data on the circulation of N. caninum in intensive swine farms in Italy, demonstrating the spread of the parasite in fattening pigs and sows in Lombardy region.
Biosecurity; IFAT; Intensive farms; Neosporosis; Reproductive problems; Swine
Settore VET/06 - Parassitologia e Malattie Parassitarie degli Animali
4-feb-2022
https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s00436-022-07457-z
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/2434/908893
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