Valosin containing protein (VCP) has emerged as a central protein in the regulation of the protein quality control (PQC) system. VCP mutations are causative of multisystem proteinopathies, which include neurodegenerative diseases (NDs), and share various signs of altered proteostasis, mainly associated with autophagy malfunctioning. Autophagy is a complex multistep degradative system essential for the maintenance of cell viability, especially in post-mitotic cells as neurons and differentiated skeletal muscle cells. Interestingly, many studies concerning NDs have focused on autophagy impairment as a pathological mechanism or autophagy activity boosting to rescue the pathological phenotype. The role of VCP in autophagy has been widely debated, but recent findings have defined new mechanisms associated with VCP activity in the regulation of autophagy, showing that VCP is involved in different steps of this pathway. Here we will discuss the multiple activity of VCP in the autophagic pathway underlying its leading role either in physiological or pathological conditions. A better understanding of VCP complexes and mechanisms in regulating autophagy could define the altered mechanisms by which VCP directly or indirectly causes or modulates different human diseases and revealing possible new therapeutic approaches for NDs.

Valosin Containing Protein (VCP): A Multistep Regulator of Autophagy / V. Ferrari, R. Cristofani, B. Tedesco, V. Crippa, M. Chierichetti, E. Casarotto, M. Cozzi, F. Mina, M. Piccolella, M. Galbiati, P. Rusmini, A. Poletti. - In: INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF MOLECULAR SCIENCES. - ISSN 1422-0067. - 23:4(2022 Feb 09), pp. 1939.1-1939.19. [10.3390/ijms23041939]

Valosin Containing Protein (VCP): A Multistep Regulator of Autophagy

Ferrari, Veronica;Cristofani, Riccardo;Tedesco, Barbara;Crippa, Valeria;Chierichetti, Marta;Casarotto, Elena;Cozzi, Marta;Mina, Francesco;Piccolella, Margherita;Galbiati, Mariarita;Rusmini, Paola;Poletti, Angelo
2022-02-09

Abstract

Valosin containing protein (VCP) has emerged as a central protein in the regulation of the protein quality control (PQC) system. VCP mutations are causative of multisystem proteinopathies, which include neurodegenerative diseases (NDs), and share various signs of altered proteostasis, mainly associated with autophagy malfunctioning. Autophagy is a complex multistep degradative system essential for the maintenance of cell viability, especially in post-mitotic cells as neurons and differentiated skeletal muscle cells. Interestingly, many studies concerning NDs have focused on autophagy impairment as a pathological mechanism or autophagy activity boosting to rescue the pathological phenotype. The role of VCP in autophagy has been widely debated, but recent findings have defined new mechanisms associated with VCP activity in the regulation of autophagy, showing that VCP is involved in different steps of this pathway. Here we will discuss the multiple activity of VCP in the autophagic pathway underlying its leading role either in physiological or pathological conditions. A better understanding of VCP complexes and mechanisms in regulating autophagy could define the altered mechanisms by which VCP directly or indirectly causes or modulates different human diseases and revealing possible new therapeutic approaches for NDs.
VCP; autophagy; lysophagy; TFEB; TFE3; NF-κB; neurodegenerative disease
Settore BIO/13 - Biologia Applicata
Settore BIO/09 - Fisiologia
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