Background: von Willebrand factor propeptide (VWFpp) plays an important role in VWF multimerization and storage. VWFpp mutations have been previously associated with types 1, 3 and 2A/IIC von Willebrand disease (VWD). Aims: To characterize the novel p.Thr274Pro variant identified in two unrelated type 1 VWD patients. Methods: Phenotype tests were performed to evaluate patients’ plasma and platelets following the current ISTH-SSC guidelines. Molecular analysis was performed using next-generation sequencing. The pcDNA3.1-VWF-WT and mutant pcDNA3.1-VWF-Thr274Pro expression vectors were transiently transfected into HEK293 cells to evaluate recombinant (r)VWF constitutive and regulated secretion. For the latter, the transfected cells were stimulated with phorbol-12-myristate-13-acetate. Immunofluorescence staining was performed to assess the localization of WT-rVWF and Thr274Pro-rVWF in endoplasmic reticulum, lysosomes, cis-/trans-Golgi and pseudo-Weibel Palade bodies. Results: Biochemical characterization of patients’ plasma samples indicated a type 1 VWD diagnosis. Both patients were heterozygous for the p.Thr274Pro variant. Hybrid Thr274Pro/WT-rVWF showed a secretion reduction of 36±4% according to patients’ plasma VWF:Ag levels, whereas Thr274Pro-rVWF secretion was strongly impaired (21±2%). The amount of rVWF in cell lysates was nearly normal for both Thr274P (62±17%) and Thr274Pro/WT-rVWF (72±23%). The regulated secretion was impaired for Thr274Pro/WT-rVWF, whereas Thr274Pro-rVWF was not released at all. Immunofluorescence staining revealed no particular differences between WT and Thr274Pro-rVWF, although Thr274Pro-rVWF showed less pseudo-Weibel Palade bodies with a rounder shape than WT-rVWF. Conclusions: The novel p.Thr274Pro mutation has a dominant effect and it is responsible of patients’ type 1 VWD phenotype through a combined mechanism of reduced synthesis, impaired secretion and multimerization.

The dominant p.Thr274Pro mutation in the von Willebrand factor propeptide causes the von Willebrand disease type 1 phenotype in two unrelated patients / M.T. Pagliari, L. Baronciani, C. Cordiglieri, P. Colpani, G. Cozzi, S.M. Siboni, F. Peyvandi. - In: HAEMOPHILIA. - ISSN 1351-8216. - 28:2(2022 Mar), pp. 292-300. [10.1111/hae.14494]

The dominant p.Thr274Pro mutation in the von Willebrand factor propeptide causes the von Willebrand disease type 1 phenotype in two unrelated patients

Pagliari M. T.;Baronciani L.;Cozzi G.;Siboni S. M.;Peyvandi F.
2022-03

Abstract

Background: von Willebrand factor propeptide (VWFpp) plays an important role in VWF multimerization and storage. VWFpp mutations have been previously associated with types 1, 3 and 2A/IIC von Willebrand disease (VWD). Aims: To characterize the novel p.Thr274Pro variant identified in two unrelated type 1 VWD patients. Methods: Phenotype tests were performed to evaluate patients’ plasma and platelets following the current ISTH-SSC guidelines. Molecular analysis was performed using next-generation sequencing. The pcDNA3.1-VWF-WT and mutant pcDNA3.1-VWF-Thr274Pro expression vectors were transiently transfected into HEK293 cells to evaluate recombinant (r)VWF constitutive and regulated secretion. For the latter, the transfected cells were stimulated with phorbol-12-myristate-13-acetate. Immunofluorescence staining was performed to assess the localization of WT-rVWF and Thr274Pro-rVWF in endoplasmic reticulum, lysosomes, cis-/trans-Golgi and pseudo-Weibel Palade bodies. Results: Biochemical characterization of patients’ plasma samples indicated a type 1 VWD diagnosis. Both patients were heterozygous for the p.Thr274Pro variant. Hybrid Thr274Pro/WT-rVWF showed a secretion reduction of 36±4% according to patients’ plasma VWF:Ag levels, whereas Thr274Pro-rVWF secretion was strongly impaired (21±2%). The amount of rVWF in cell lysates was nearly normal for both Thr274P (62±17%) and Thr274Pro/WT-rVWF (72±23%). The regulated secretion was impaired for Thr274Pro/WT-rVWF, whereas Thr274Pro-rVWF was not released at all. Immunofluorescence staining revealed no particular differences between WT and Thr274Pro-rVWF, although Thr274Pro-rVWF showed less pseudo-Weibel Palade bodies with a rounder shape than WT-rVWF. Conclusions: The novel p.Thr274Pro mutation has a dominant effect and it is responsible of patients’ type 1 VWD phenotype through a combined mechanism of reduced synthesis, impaired secretion and multimerization.
Von Willebrand disease; Von Willebrand factor protein; Weibel-Palade-bodies; gene mutations;
Settore MED/09 - Medicina Interna
gen-2022
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/2434/903714
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