Background: Adaptive Deep Brain Stimulation (aDBS) is now considered as a new feasible and effective paradigm to deliver DBS to patients with Parkinson's disease (PD) in such a way that not only stimulation is personalized and finely tuned to the instantaneous patient's state, but also motor improvement is obtained with a lower amount of energy transferred to the tissue. Amplitude-controlled aDBS was shown to significantly decrease the amplitude-driven total electrical energy delivered to the tissue (aTEED), an objective measure of the amount of energy transferred by DBS amplitude to the patient's brain. However, there is no direct evidence of a relationship between aTEED and the occurrence of DBS-related adverse events in humans. Objective: In this work, we investigated the correlation of aTEED with the occurrence of levodopa-induced dyskinesias pooling all the data available from our previous experiments using aDBS and cDBS. Methods: We retrospectively analyzed data coming from 19 patients with PD undergoing surgery for STN-DBS electrode positioning and participating to experiments involving cDBS and aDBS delivery. Patients were all studied some days after the surgery (acute setting). The aTEED and dyskinesia assessments (Rush Dyskinesia Rating Scale, RDRS) considered in the Med ON-Stim ON condition. Results: We confirmed both that aTEED values and RDRS were significantly lower in the aDBS than in cDBS sessions (aTEED mean value, cDBS: 0.0278 ± 0.0011 j, vs. aDBS: 0.0071 ± 0.0003 j, p < 0.0001 Wilcoxon's rank sum; normalized RDRS mean score, cDBS: 0.66 ± 0.017 vs. aDBS: 0.45 ± 0.01, p = 0.025, Wilcoxon's rank sum test). In addition, we found a direct significant correlation between aTEED and RDRS (ρ = 0.44, p = 0.0032, Spearman's correlation). Conclusions: Our results provide a first piece of evidence that aTEED is correlated to the amount of levodopa-induced dyskinesias in patients with PD undergoing STN-DBS, thus supporting the role of aDBS as feasible and safe alternative to cDBS.

The Relationship Between Electrical Energy Delivered by Deep Brain Stimulation and Levodopa-Induced Dyskinesias in Parkinson's Disease: A Retrospective Preliminary Analysis / M. Prenassi, M. Arlotti, L. Borellini, T. Bocci, F. Cogiamanian, M. Locatelli, P. Rampini, S. Barbieri, A. Priori, S. Marceglia. - In: FRONTIERS IN NEUROLOGY. - ISSN 1664-2295. - 12(2021 May 31), pp. 643841.1-643841.9. [10.3389/fneur.2021.643841]

The Relationship Between Electrical Energy Delivered by Deep Brain Stimulation and Levodopa-Induced Dyskinesias in Parkinson's Disease: A Retrospective Preliminary Analysis

L. Borellini;T. Bocci;F. Cogiamanian;M. Locatelli;A. Priori
Penultimo
;
2021-05-31

Abstract

Background: Adaptive Deep Brain Stimulation (aDBS) is now considered as a new feasible and effective paradigm to deliver DBS to patients with Parkinson's disease (PD) in such a way that not only stimulation is personalized and finely tuned to the instantaneous patient's state, but also motor improvement is obtained with a lower amount of energy transferred to the tissue. Amplitude-controlled aDBS was shown to significantly decrease the amplitude-driven total electrical energy delivered to the tissue (aTEED), an objective measure of the amount of energy transferred by DBS amplitude to the patient's brain. However, there is no direct evidence of a relationship between aTEED and the occurrence of DBS-related adverse events in humans. Objective: In this work, we investigated the correlation of aTEED with the occurrence of levodopa-induced dyskinesias pooling all the data available from our previous experiments using aDBS and cDBS. Methods: We retrospectively analyzed data coming from 19 patients with PD undergoing surgery for STN-DBS electrode positioning and participating to experiments involving cDBS and aDBS delivery. Patients were all studied some days after the surgery (acute setting). The aTEED and dyskinesia assessments (Rush Dyskinesia Rating Scale, RDRS) considered in the Med ON-Stim ON condition. Results: We confirmed both that aTEED values and RDRS were significantly lower in the aDBS than in cDBS sessions (aTEED mean value, cDBS: 0.0278 ± 0.0011 j, vs. aDBS: 0.0071 ± 0.0003 j, p < 0.0001 Wilcoxon's rank sum; normalized RDRS mean score, cDBS: 0.66 ± 0.017 vs. aDBS: 0.45 ± 0.01, p = 0.025, Wilcoxon's rank sum test). In addition, we found a direct significant correlation between aTEED and RDRS (ρ = 0.44, p = 0.0032, Spearman's correlation). Conclusions: Our results provide a first piece of evidence that aTEED is correlated to the amount of levodopa-induced dyskinesias in patients with PD undergoing STN-DBS, thus supporting the role of aDBS as feasible and safe alternative to cDBS.
adaptive deep brain stimulation; dyskinesia; local field potential (LFP); safety; total electrica energy delivered
Settore MED/26 - Neurologia
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/2434/896844
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