Environmental stimuli, including sex hormones and oxidative stress (OS), affect bone balance, modifying the epigenetic profiles of key osteogenic genes. Nonetheless, the interplay between sex steroids, epigenome and OS has yet be fully elucidated. This paper aims to study in vitro the role of sex steroids in OS-induced alteration in bone cells’ homeostasis, and to assess the possible contribution of epigenetic modifications. Toward this purpose, osteoblast (MC3T3-E1) and osteocyte (MLOY-4) cell lines were exposed to two different sources of free oxygen radicals, i.e., tert-butyl hydroperoxide and dexamethasone, and the protective effect of pre-treatment with androgens and estrogens was evaluated. In particular, we analyzed parameters that reflect bone cell homeostasis such as cell viability, cell migration, transcriptomic profile, transcriptional activity, and epigenetic signature. Our findings indicate that estrogens and androgens counteract OS effects. Using partially overlapping strategies, they reduce OS outcomes regarding cell viability, cell migration, the transcriptomic profile of gene families involved in bone remodeling, and epigenetic profile, i.e., H3K4me3 level. Additionally, we demonstrated that the protective effect of steroids against OS on bone homeostasis is partially mediated by the Akt pathway. Overall, these results suggest that the hormonal milieu may influence the mechanisms of age-related bone disease.

Sex Steroid Regulation of Oxidative Stress in Bone Cells: An In Vitro Study / V. Sibilia, D. Bottai, R. Maggi, F. Pagani, R. Chiaramonte, D. Giannandrea, V. Citro, N. Platonova, L. Casati. - In: INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF ENVIRONMENTAL RESEARCH AND PUBLIC HEALTH. - ISSN 1660-4601. - 18:22(2021 Nov 19), pp. 12168.1-12168.23. [10.3390/ijerph182212168]

Sex Steroid Regulation of Oxidative Stress in Bone Cells: An In Vitro Study

V. Sibilia
Primo
;
D. Bottai
Secondo
;
R. Maggi;F. Pagani;R. Chiaramonte;D. Giannandrea;V. Citro;N. Platonova
Penultimo
;
L. Casati
Ultimo
2021

Abstract

Environmental stimuli, including sex hormones and oxidative stress (OS), affect bone balance, modifying the epigenetic profiles of key osteogenic genes. Nonetheless, the interplay between sex steroids, epigenome and OS has yet be fully elucidated. This paper aims to study in vitro the role of sex steroids in OS-induced alteration in bone cells’ homeostasis, and to assess the possible contribution of epigenetic modifications. Toward this purpose, osteoblast (MC3T3-E1) and osteocyte (MLOY-4) cell lines were exposed to two different sources of free oxygen radicals, i.e., tert-butyl hydroperoxide and dexamethasone, and the protective effect of pre-treatment with androgens and estrogens was evaluated. In particular, we analyzed parameters that reflect bone cell homeostasis such as cell viability, cell migration, transcriptomic profile, transcriptional activity, and epigenetic signature. Our findings indicate that estrogens and androgens counteract OS effects. Using partially overlapping strategies, they reduce OS outcomes regarding cell viability, cell migration, the transcriptomic profile of gene families involved in bone remodeling, and epigenetic profile, i.e., H3K4me3 level. Additionally, we demonstrated that the protective effect of steroids against OS on bone homeostasis is partially mediated by the Akt pathway. Overall, these results suggest that the hormonal milieu may influence the mechanisms of age-related bone disease.
bone; steroids milieu; histone modification; oxidative stress; H3K4me3; H4 acetylation;
Settore MED/04 - Patologia Generale
Settore BIO/14 - Farmacologia
Settore BIO/09 - Fisiologia
Settore BIO/10 - Biochimica
CAR_RIC16LCASA_M - Epigenetic in the pathophysiology of Osteoporosis: new insight from in vivo and in vitro studies. - CASATI, LAVINIA - CAR_RIC - Bandi Fondazione Cariplo - 2016
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2434/886799
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