Currently, monoclonal antibodies (mAbs) are the most used biopharmaceuticals for human therapy. One of the key aspects in their development is the control of effector functions mediated by the interaction between fragment crystallizable (Fc) and Fcγ receptors, which is a secondary mechanism of the action of biotherapeutics. N-glycosylation at the Fc portion can regulate these mechanisms, and much experimental evidence suggests that modifications of glycosidic chains can affect antibody binding to FcγRIIIa, consequently impacting the immune response. In this work, we try to elucidate via in silico procedures the structural role exhibited by glycans, particularly fucose, in mAb conformational freedom that can potentially affect the receptor recognition. By using adalimumab, a marketed IgG1, as a general template, after rebuilding its three-dimensional (3D) structure through homology modeling approaches, we carried out molecular dynamics simulations of three differently glycosylated species: aglycosylated, afucosylated, and fucosylated antibody. Trajectory analysis showed different dynamical behaviors and pointed out that sugars can influence the overall 3D structure of the antibody. As a result, we propose a putative structural mechanism by which the presence of fucose introduces conformational constraints in the whole antibody and not only in the Fc domain, preventing a conformation suitable for the interaction with the receptor. As secondary evidence, we observed a high flexibility of the antibodies that is translated into an asymmetric behavior of Fab portions shown by all the simulated biopolymers, making the dynamical asymmetry a new, to our knowledge, molecular aspect that may be further investigated. In conclusion, these findings can help understand the contribution of sugars on the structural architecture of mAbs, paving the way to novel strategies of pharmaceutical development.

IgG1 conformational behavior: elucidation of the N-glycosylation role via molecular dynamics / S. Saporiti, C. Parravicini, C. Pergola, U. Guerrini, M. Rossi, F. Centola, I. Eberini. - In: BIOPHYSICAL JOURNAL. - ISSN 0006-3495. - 120(2021 Dec 07), pp. 1-16. [Epub ahead of print] [10.1016/j.bpj.2021.10.026]

IgG1 conformational behavior: elucidation of the N-glycosylation role via molecular dynamics

S. Saporiti
Primo
Investigation
;
C. Parravicini
Secondo
Formal Analysis
;
U. Guerrini
Methodology
;
I. Eberini
Ultimo
Supervision
2021-12-07

Abstract

Currently, monoclonal antibodies (mAbs) are the most used biopharmaceuticals for human therapy. One of the key aspects in their development is the control of effector functions mediated by the interaction between fragment crystallizable (Fc) and Fcγ receptors, which is a secondary mechanism of the action of biotherapeutics. N-glycosylation at the Fc portion can regulate these mechanisms, and much experimental evidence suggests that modifications of glycosidic chains can affect antibody binding to FcγRIIIa, consequently impacting the immune response. In this work, we try to elucidate via in silico procedures the structural role exhibited by glycans, particularly fucose, in mAb conformational freedom that can potentially affect the receptor recognition. By using adalimumab, a marketed IgG1, as a general template, after rebuilding its three-dimensional (3D) structure through homology modeling approaches, we carried out molecular dynamics simulations of three differently glycosylated species: aglycosylated, afucosylated, and fucosylated antibody. Trajectory analysis showed different dynamical behaviors and pointed out that sugars can influence the overall 3D structure of the antibody. As a result, we propose a putative structural mechanism by which the presence of fucose introduces conformational constraints in the whole antibody and not only in the Fc domain, preventing a conformation suitable for the interaction with the receptor. As secondary evidence, we observed a high flexibility of the antibodies that is translated into an asymmetric behavior of Fab portions shown by all the simulated biopolymers, making the dynamical asymmetry a new, to our knowledge, molecular aspect that may be further investigated. In conclusion, these findings can help understand the contribution of sugars on the structural architecture of mAbs, paving the way to novel strategies of pharmaceutical development.
Settore BIO/10 - Biochimica
26-ott-2021
Article (author)
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/2434/881627
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