A simple measure of the susceptibility of a substance to microwaves (MW) is the resulting heating rate that depends on its heat capacity, density, starting temperature, MW extinction coefficient at the used MW frequency and distance from the irradiated surface. Water, that is ubiquitous in many products, currently treated with MW, shows a large susceptibility at 2450 MHz MW. This is why water is a suitable reference to rank the MW susceptibility of other compounds. Aqueous solutions are the simplest systems to investigate how the presence of extra compounds can modify (normally, reduce) this property. The present work provides a very simple evidence of a peculiar MW susceptibility of the water–ethanol mixture with azeotropic composition, XEtOH = 0.90 mol fraction, at temperatures rather below the respective boiling point at ambient pressure. The available literature reports a number of experimental and theoretical investigations that suggest the formation of (EtOH)n·(H2O)m ring clusters that change the hydrogen bond network and/or favor intermolecular hydrophobic hydration. The decamer, (EtOH)9·H2O, could be responsible for the peculiar MW susceptibility of the azeotropic mixture.

Microwave heating of water–ethanol mixtures / A. Schiraldi, A. Paoli. - In: JOURNAL OF THERMAL ANALYSIS AND CALORIMETRY. - ISSN 1388-6150. - (2021). [Epub ahead of print] [10.1007/s10973-021-11074-w]

Microwave heating of water–ethanol mixtures

A. Schiraldi
;
2021

Abstract

A simple measure of the susceptibility of a substance to microwaves (MW) is the resulting heating rate that depends on its heat capacity, density, starting temperature, MW extinction coefficient at the used MW frequency and distance from the irradiated surface. Water, that is ubiquitous in many products, currently treated with MW, shows a large susceptibility at 2450 MHz MW. This is why water is a suitable reference to rank the MW susceptibility of other compounds. Aqueous solutions are the simplest systems to investigate how the presence of extra compounds can modify (normally, reduce) this property. The present work provides a very simple evidence of a peculiar MW susceptibility of the water–ethanol mixture with azeotropic composition, XEtOH = 0.90 mol fraction, at temperatures rather below the respective boiling point at ambient pressure. The available literature reports a number of experimental and theoretical investigations that suggest the formation of (EtOH)n·(H2O)m ring clusters that change the hydrogen bond network and/or favor intermolecular hydrophobic hydration. The decamer, (EtOH)9·H2O, could be responsible for the peculiar MW susceptibility of the azeotropic mixture.
Azeotrope; Microwave heating; Molecular clusters; Water–ethanol
Settore CHIM/02 - Chimica Fisica
9-ott-2021
Article (author)
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2434/880709
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