Phytic acid (PA) is the main storage form of phosphorus (P) in plants. It is localized in the seeds and is accumulated as phytate salts with different cations, reducing their bioavailability. Only ruminants can degrade PA due to the presence of phytases in the digestive tract, while monogastric animals assimilate only 10% of phytate in feed and 90% is excreted, contributing to P pollution and water eutrophication. In underdeveloped countries, the lack of important cations (such as iron and zinc) in the diet represents a problem for human health, while in rich countries the problem is related to feed: farmers must supply mineral phosphorus to the feed of monogastrics, thus implying an economic problem. In recent decades, many low phytic acid (lpa) mutants have been isolated: in maize, lpa1-1 is characterized by a 66% reduction in PA, followed by a proportional increase in inorganic P. Unfortunately, PA decrease is followed by a series of negative pleiotropic effects on the seed and on plant performance. One of these agronomic defects observed on lpa1-1 is a greater susceptibility to drought stress, which could be caused by an alteration in the Root System Architecture (RSA). With the aim to assess the effect of drought stress on the mutant, we have compared the RSA of lpa1-1 to a wild phenotype using different approaches, spanning from the greenhouse to the field. In this work we present the results obtained, which clearly show that a variety of morphological changes occurred in the epigeal part of the mutant plant rather than in the root system. Data show that drought stress in mutant plants seems to be caused by reduced photosynthetic efficiency and lower stomatal conductance and not by a shallower root system. Studying and overcoming the pleiotropic effects affecting lpa mutants would determine several potential benefits for the nutritional quality of food and feed and for the environmental P sustainability in agriculture.

Chasing drought stress in lpa1-1 maize mutant: A comparison between the root system architecture and the epigeal part of the plant / F. Colombo, G. Bertagnon, A. Frescoso, M. Pesenti, S.R. Pilu. ((Intervento presentato al convegno SIGA Annual Congress tenutosi a Online nel 2021.

Chasing drought stress in lpa1-1 maize mutant: A comparison between the root system architecture and the epigeal part of the plant

F. Colombo
Primo
;
M. Pesenti
Penultimo
;
S.R. Pilu
Ultimo
2021

Abstract

Phytic acid (PA) is the main storage form of phosphorus (P) in plants. It is localized in the seeds and is accumulated as phytate salts with different cations, reducing their bioavailability. Only ruminants can degrade PA due to the presence of phytases in the digestive tract, while monogastric animals assimilate only 10% of phytate in feed and 90% is excreted, contributing to P pollution and water eutrophication. In underdeveloped countries, the lack of important cations (such as iron and zinc) in the diet represents a problem for human health, while in rich countries the problem is related to feed: farmers must supply mineral phosphorus to the feed of monogastrics, thus implying an economic problem. In recent decades, many low phytic acid (lpa) mutants have been isolated: in maize, lpa1-1 is characterized by a 66% reduction in PA, followed by a proportional increase in inorganic P. Unfortunately, PA decrease is followed by a series of negative pleiotropic effects on the seed and on plant performance. One of these agronomic defects observed on lpa1-1 is a greater susceptibility to drought stress, which could be caused by an alteration in the Root System Architecture (RSA). With the aim to assess the effect of drought stress on the mutant, we have compared the RSA of lpa1-1 to a wild phenotype using different approaches, spanning from the greenhouse to the field. In this work we present the results obtained, which clearly show that a variety of morphological changes occurred in the epigeal part of the mutant plant rather than in the root system. Data show that drought stress in mutant plants seems to be caused by reduced photosynthetic efficiency and lower stomatal conductance and not by a shallower root system. Studying and overcoming the pleiotropic effects affecting lpa mutants would determine several potential benefits for the nutritional quality of food and feed and for the environmental P sustainability in agriculture.
low phytic acid mutants, maize, root system architecture, drought stress, P sustainability
Settore AGR/07 - Genetica Agraria
Chasing drought stress in lpa1-1 maize mutant: A comparison between the root system architecture and the epigeal part of the plant / F. Colombo, G. Bertagnon, A. Frescoso, M. Pesenti, S.R. Pilu. ((Intervento presentato al convegno SIGA Annual Congress tenutosi a Online nel 2021.
Conference Object
File in questo prodotto:
File Dimensione Formato  
4.13 ColomboF_SIGA2021.pdf

accesso aperto

Tipologia: Altro
Dimensione 805.61 kB
Formato Adobe PDF
805.61 kB Adobe PDF Visualizza/Apri
Pubblicazioni consigliate

Caricamento pubblicazioni consigliate

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2434/877228
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? ND
  • Scopus ND
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? ND
social impact