Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) patients often experience tidal expiratory flow-limitation (tEFL), a condition causing respiratory and cardiovascular detrimental effects. As the appearance of tEFL should increase expiratory (Rexp) relative to inspiratory (Rins) resistance, we hypothesized that Rexp/Rins can be used to detect tEFL. Rexp/Rins was measured with a commercial plethysmograph in 109 healthy subjects and, before and after bronchodilation (BD), in 64 COPD patients, 36 with and 28 without tEFL according to the NEP technique. Before BD, the median (interquartile range) of Rexp/Rins was significantly greater (P < 0.001) in COPD patients with tEFL (2.47(3.06;7.07)) than in COPD patients without tEFL (1.63(1.44;1.82)) and in healthy subjects (1.52(1.35;1.62)). In COPD patients Rexp/Rins above 1.98 predicted the presence of tEFL with 96 % specificity and 92 % sensitivity, Rexp2/Rins performing even better. After BD the predictive ability of Rexp/Rins slightly declined, but remained elevated. The non-invasive measurement of Rexp/Rins is an easy, inexpensive, routinely usable method to detect tEFL in spontaneously breathing COPD subjects.

Plethysmographic assessment of tidal expiratory flow limitation / E. D'Angelo, D. Radovanovic, P. Barbini, P. Santus, M.M. Pecchiari. - In: RESPIRATORY PHYSIOLOGY & NEUROBIOLOGY. - ISSN 1569-9048. - 296(2022 Feb), pp. 103801.1-103801.9. [10.1016/j.resp.2021.103801]

Plethysmographic assessment of tidal expiratory flow limitation

E. D'Angelo
;
D. Radovanovic;P. Santus;M.M. Pecchiari
2022

Abstract

Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) patients often experience tidal expiratory flow-limitation (tEFL), a condition causing respiratory and cardiovascular detrimental effects. As the appearance of tEFL should increase expiratory (Rexp) relative to inspiratory (Rins) resistance, we hypothesized that Rexp/Rins can be used to detect tEFL. Rexp/Rins was measured with a commercial plethysmograph in 109 healthy subjects and, before and after bronchodilation (BD), in 64 COPD patients, 36 with and 28 without tEFL according to the NEP technique. Before BD, the median (interquartile range) of Rexp/Rins was significantly greater (P < 0.001) in COPD patients with tEFL (2.47(3.06;7.07)) than in COPD patients without tEFL (1.63(1.44;1.82)) and in healthy subjects (1.52(1.35;1.62)). In COPD patients Rexp/Rins above 1.98 predicted the presence of tEFL with 96 % specificity and 92 % sensitivity, Rexp2/Rins performing even better. After BD the predictive ability of Rexp/Rins slightly declined, but remained elevated. The non-invasive measurement of Rexp/Rins is an easy, inexpensive, routinely usable method to detect tEFL in spontaneously breathing COPD subjects.
COPD; expiratory resistance; inspiratory resistance; plethysmograph; tidal flow-limitation
Settore BIO/09 - Fisiologia
Settore MED/10 - Malattie dell'Apparato Respiratorio
6-ott-2021
Article (author)
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2434/874055
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