The genus Cinnamomum includes a number of plant species largely used as food, food additives and spices for a long time. Different traditional healing systems have used these plants as herbal remedies to cure diverse ailments. The aim of this comprehensive and updated review is to summarize the biodiversity of the genus Cinnamomum, its bioactive compounds, the mechanisms that underlie the pharmacological activities and molecular targets and toxicological safety. All the data in this review have been collected from databases and recent scientific literature including Web of Science, PubMed, ScienceDirect etc. The results showed that the bioactive compounds of Cinnamomum species possess antimicrobial, antidiabetic, antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, anticancer and neuroprotective effects. The preclinical (in vitro/in vivo) studies provided the possible molecular mechanisms of these action. As a novelty, recent clinical studies and toxicological data described in this paper support and confirm the pharmacological importance of the genus Cinnamomum. In conclusion, the obtained results from preclinical studies and clinical trials, as well as reduced side effects provide insights into future research of new drugs based on extracts and bioactive compounds from Cinnamomum plants.

Cinnamomum Species : Bridging Phytochemistry Knowledge, Pharmacological Properties and Toxicological Safety for Health Benefits / J. Sharifi-Rad, A. Dey, N. Koirala, S. Shaheen, N. El Omari, B. Salehi, T. Goloshvili, N.C. Cirone Silva, A. Bouyahya, S. Vitalini, E.M. Varoni, M. Martorell, A. Abdolshahi, A.O. Docea, M. Iriti, D. Calina, F. Les, V. Lopez, C. Caruntu. - In: FRONTIERS IN PHARMACOLOGY. - ISSN 1663-9812. - 12(2021), pp. 600139.1-600139.27. [10.3389/fphar.2021.600139]

Cinnamomum Species : Bridging Phytochemistry Knowledge, Pharmacological Properties and Toxicological Safety for Health Benefits

S. Vitalini;E.M. Varoni;M. Iriti;
2021

Abstract

The genus Cinnamomum includes a number of plant species largely used as food, food additives and spices for a long time. Different traditional healing systems have used these plants as herbal remedies to cure diverse ailments. The aim of this comprehensive and updated review is to summarize the biodiversity of the genus Cinnamomum, its bioactive compounds, the mechanisms that underlie the pharmacological activities and molecular targets and toxicological safety. All the data in this review have been collected from databases and recent scientific literature including Web of Science, PubMed, ScienceDirect etc. The results showed that the bioactive compounds of Cinnamomum species possess antimicrobial, antidiabetic, antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, anticancer and neuroprotective effects. The preclinical (in vitro/in vivo) studies provided the possible molecular mechanisms of these action. As a novelty, recent clinical studies and toxicological data described in this paper support and confirm the pharmacological importance of the genus Cinnamomum. In conclusion, the obtained results from preclinical studies and clinical trials, as well as reduced side effects provide insights into future research of new drugs based on extracts and bioactive compounds from Cinnamomum plants.
Ciannamomum spp; clinical trials; mechanisms of action; Pharmacology; phytochemistry; Toxicological data
Settore MED/28 - Malattie Odontostomatologiche
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2434/869243
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