Most studies assessed nutrient intake of young children with food allergy (FA) compared to healthy children. We aimed to compare macro- and micronutrient intake of school-aged children with FA to non-allergic children. This case-control study included 93 Italian children (52 with FA and 41 controls, median age 7.5 and 8.3 years, respectively). Macro- and micronutrient intake was assessed by a three-day food dietary record. Anthropometric measurements were also collected. The median height z-score was significantly lower in the FA group, despite a similar daily energy and protein intake. Calcium, iron and vitamin D intake was suboptimal in both groups, while protein intake was higher than recommended in both groups. Unexpectedly, children with FA consume more protein than controls, while having lower micronutrient intake, especially calcium. Our data suggest the importance of nutritional counseling for children with FA to ensure a balanced nutrient intake while on elimination diet.

Nutrient intake in school-aged children with food allergies: a case-control study / E. D'Auria, E. Pendezza, A. Leone, F. Riccaboni, A. Bosetti, B. Borsani, G. Zuccotti, S. Bertoli. - In: INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF FOOD SCIENCES AND NUTRITION. - ISSN 1465-3478. - (2021), pp. 1-8-8. [Epub ahead of print] [10.1080/09637486.2021.1975658]

Nutrient intake in school-aged children with food allergies: a case-control study

E. D'Auria;E. Pendezza;A. Leone;F. Riccaboni;B. Borsani;G. Zuccotti;S. Bertoli
2021

Abstract

Most studies assessed nutrient intake of young children with food allergy (FA) compared to healthy children. We aimed to compare macro- and micronutrient intake of school-aged children with FA to non-allergic children. This case-control study included 93 Italian children (52 with FA and 41 controls, median age 7.5 and 8.3 years, respectively). Macro- and micronutrient intake was assessed by a three-day food dietary record. Anthropometric measurements were also collected. The median height z-score was significantly lower in the FA group, despite a similar daily energy and protein intake. Calcium, iron and vitamin D intake was suboptimal in both groups, while protein intake was higher than recommended in both groups. Unexpectedly, children with FA consume more protein than controls, while having lower micronutrient intake, especially calcium. Our data suggest the importance of nutritional counseling for children with FA to ensure a balanced nutrient intake while on elimination diet.
Food allergy; growth; micronutrients; nutrient intake; school aged children
Settore MED/38 - Pediatria Generale e Specialistica
Settore MED/49 - Scienze Tecniche Dietetiche Applicate
9-set-2021
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/2434/868866
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