We present new results on the radiopurity of a 3.4-kg NaI(Tl) crystal scintillator operated in the SABRE proof-of-principle detector setup. The amount of potassium contamination, determined by the direct counting of radioactive K40, is found to be 2.2±1.5 ppb, lowest ever achieved for NaI(Tl) crystals. With the active veto, the average background rate in the crystal in the 1-6 keV energy region of interest (ROI) is 1.20±0.05 counts/day/kg/keV, which is a breakthrough since the DAMA/LIBRA experiment. Our background model indicates that the rate is dominated by Pb210 and that about half of this contamination is located in the polytetrafluoroethylene reflector. We discuss ongoing developments of the crystal manufacture aimed at the further reduction of the background, including data from purification by zone refining. A projected background rate lower than ∼0.2 counts/day/kg/keV in the ROI is within reach. These results represent a benchmark for the development of next-generation NaI(Tl) detector arrays for the direct detection of dark matter particles.

High sensitivity characterization of an ultrahigh purity NaI(Tl) crystal scintillator with the SABRE proof-of-principle detector / F. Calaprice, S. Copello, I. Dafinei, D. D'Angelo, G. D'Imperio, G. Di Carlo, M. Diemoz, A. Di Giacinto, A. Di Ludovico, A. Ianni, M. Iannone, F. Marchegiani, A. Mariani, S. Milana, S. Nisi, F. Nuti, D. Orlandi, V. Pettinacci, L. Pietrofaccia, S. Rahatlou, M. Souza, B. Suerfu, C. Tomei, C. Vignoli, M. Wada, A. Zani. - In: PHYSICAL REVIEW D. - ISSN 2470-0010. - 104:2(2021 Jul), pp. L021302.L021302-1-L021302.L021302-6. [10.1103/PhysRevD.104.L021302]

High sensitivity characterization of an ultrahigh purity NaI(Tl) crystal scintillator with the SABRE proof-of-principle detector

D. D'Angelo;
2021-07

Abstract

We present new results on the radiopurity of a 3.4-kg NaI(Tl) crystal scintillator operated in the SABRE proof-of-principle detector setup. The amount of potassium contamination, determined by the direct counting of radioactive K40, is found to be 2.2±1.5 ppb, lowest ever achieved for NaI(Tl) crystals. With the active veto, the average background rate in the crystal in the 1-6 keV energy region of interest (ROI) is 1.20±0.05 counts/day/kg/keV, which is a breakthrough since the DAMA/LIBRA experiment. Our background model indicates that the rate is dominated by Pb210 and that about half of this contamination is located in the polytetrafluoroethylene reflector. We discuss ongoing developments of the crystal manufacture aimed at the further reduction of the background, including data from purification by zone refining. A projected background rate lower than ∼0.2 counts/day/kg/keV in the ROI is within reach. These results represent a benchmark for the development of next-generation NaI(Tl) detector arrays for the direct detection of dark matter particles.
Settore FIS/01 - Fisica Sperimentale
Settore FIS/04 - Fisica Nucleare e Subnucleare
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/2434/864545
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