Introduction & Aim: Anti-tissue transglutaminase antibody (tTGA) titer is used during the follow-up of celiac patients to evaluate gluten-free diet (GFD) responsiveness. However, no clear data are available on this issue. The aim of this study was to evaluate tTGA significance during celiac disease (CD) monitoring. Methods: From January 2017 to January 2020, consecutive CD patients on a GFD with persistent positive tTGA were enrolled. Antibody titres were evaluated on a yearly basis from CD diagnosis to the last follow-up. Urinary gluten detection tests, duodenal histology and capsule enteroscopy (CE) were performed. A tTGA-positive cohort was compared with a control group composed of 212 treated CD patients with negative tTGA. Results: 65 patients (12% males, median age at enrollment and CD diagnosis, 37 (14–86) and 31 (1–76), respectively, median follow up 4 (1–26) years) presented with positive tTGA during follow-up. Overall, the tTGA titres were 3 (1–79) fold increased (ULN). Three different tTGA trends were recognized: (I) 36 (55%) patients with a progressive titresdecrease; (II) 16 (25%) patients with a fluctuating behavior; (III) 13 (20%) patients with a steady state or increased titres. tTGA+ patients did not present with different clinical and demographic parameters. Duodenal atrophy was present in 10% vs. 36% of the tTGA positive vs. negative group (p < 0.005), respectively. Gluten detection results were positive in 3 (8%) cases, all in the III group. In tTGA+ patients, CE did not identify any CD-related complications. Conclusions: tTGA positivity during CD follow up did not present a relevant clinical significance without association with autoimmune comorbidities and mucosal damage.

Clinical Value of Tissue Transglutaminase Antibodies in Celiac Patients over a Long Term Follow-Up / E. Farina, L. Roncoroni, V. Lombardo, A. Scricciolo, M. Vecchi, L. Doneda, L. Elli. - In: NUTRIENTS. - ISSN 2072-6643. - 13:9(2021 Aug 31), pp. 3057.1-3057.9. [10.3390/nu13093057]

Clinical Value of Tissue Transglutaminase Antibodies in Celiac Patients over a Long Term Follow-Up

E. Farina
Primo
;
L. Roncoroni
Secondo
;
M. Vecchi;L. Doneda
Penultimo
;
L. Elli
Ultimo
2021-08-31

Abstract

Introduction & Aim: Anti-tissue transglutaminase antibody (tTGA) titer is used during the follow-up of celiac patients to evaluate gluten-free diet (GFD) responsiveness. However, no clear data are available on this issue. The aim of this study was to evaluate tTGA significance during celiac disease (CD) monitoring. Methods: From January 2017 to January 2020, consecutive CD patients on a GFD with persistent positive tTGA were enrolled. Antibody titres were evaluated on a yearly basis from CD diagnosis to the last follow-up. Urinary gluten detection tests, duodenal histology and capsule enteroscopy (CE) were performed. A tTGA-positive cohort was compared with a control group composed of 212 treated CD patients with negative tTGA. Results: 65 patients (12% males, median age at enrollment and CD diagnosis, 37 (14–86) and 31 (1–76), respectively, median follow up 4 (1–26) years) presented with positive tTGA during follow-up. Overall, the tTGA titres were 3 (1–79) fold increased (ULN). Three different tTGA trends were recognized: (I) 36 (55%) patients with a progressive titresdecrease; (II) 16 (25%) patients with a fluctuating behavior; (III) 13 (20%) patients with a steady state or increased titres. tTGA+ patients did not present with different clinical and demographic parameters. Duodenal atrophy was present in 10% vs. 36% of the tTGA positive vs. negative group (p < 0.005), respectively. Gluten detection results were positive in 3 (8%) cases, all in the III group. In tTGA+ patients, CE did not identify any CD-related complications. Conclusions: tTGA positivity during CD follow up did not present a relevant clinical significance without association with autoimmune comorbidities and mucosal damage.
celiac disease; anti-tissue transglutaminase; urinary gluten detect;
Settore BIO/13 - Biologia Applicata
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/2434/864245
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