miR-1, the most abundant miRNA in the heart, modulates expression of several transcription factors and ion channels. Conditions affecting the heart rate, such as endurance training and cardiac diseases, show a concomitant miR-1 up- or down-regulation. Here, we investigated the role of miR-1 overexpression in the development and function of sinoatrial (SAN) cells using murine embryonic stem cells (mESC). We generated mESCs either overexpressing miR-1 and EGFP (miR1OE) or EGFP only (EM). SAN-like cells were selected from differentiating mESC using the CD166 marker. Gene expression and electrophysiological analysis were carried out on both early mES-derived cardiac progenitors and SAN-like cells and on beating neonatal rat ventricular cardiomyocytes (NRVC) over-expressing miR-1. miR1OE cells increased significantly the proportion of CD166+ SAN precursors compared to EM cells (23% vs 12%) and the levels of the transcription factors TBX5 and TBX18, both involved in SAN development. miR1OE SAN-like cells were bradycardic (1,3 vs 2 Hz) compared to EM cells. In agreement with data on native SAN cells, EM SAN-like cardiomyocytes show two populations of cells expressing either slow- or fast-activating If currents; miR1OE SAN-like cells instead have only fast-activating If with a significantly reduced conductance. Western Blot and immunofluorescence analysis showed a reduced HCN4 signal in miR-1OE vs EM CD166+ precursors. Together these data point out to a specific down-regulation of the slow-activating HCN4 subunit by miR-1. Importantly, the rate and If alterations were independent of the developmental effects of miR-1, being similar in NRVC transiently overexpressing miR-1. In conclusion, we demonstrated a dual role of miR-1, during development it controls the proper development of sinoatrial-precursor, while in mature SAN-like cells it modulates the HCN4 pacemaker channel translation and thus the beating rate.

Dual role of miR-1 in the development and function of sinoatrial cells / P. Benzoni, L. Nava, F. Giannetti, G. Guerini, A. Gualdoni, C. Bazzini, R. Milanesi, A. Bucchi, M. Baruscotti, A. Barbuti. - In: JOURNAL OF MOLECULAR AND CELLULAR CARDIOLOGY. - ISSN 0022-2828. - 157(2021 Aug), pp. 104-112. [10.1016/j.yjmcc.2021.05.001]

Dual role of miR-1 in the development and function of sinoatrial cells

P. Benzoni
Primo
;
F. Giannetti;A. Gualdoni;C. Bazzini;R. Milanesi;A. Bucchi;M. Baruscotti;A. Barbuti
Ultimo
2021

Abstract

miR-1, the most abundant miRNA in the heart, modulates expression of several transcription factors and ion channels. Conditions affecting the heart rate, such as endurance training and cardiac diseases, show a concomitant miR-1 up- or down-regulation. Here, we investigated the role of miR-1 overexpression in the development and function of sinoatrial (SAN) cells using murine embryonic stem cells (mESC). We generated mESCs either overexpressing miR-1 and EGFP (miR1OE) or EGFP only (EM). SAN-like cells were selected from differentiating mESC using the CD166 marker. Gene expression and electrophysiological analysis were carried out on both early mES-derived cardiac progenitors and SAN-like cells and on beating neonatal rat ventricular cardiomyocytes (NRVC) over-expressing miR-1. miR1OE cells increased significantly the proportion of CD166+ SAN precursors compared to EM cells (23% vs 12%) and the levels of the transcription factors TBX5 and TBX18, both involved in SAN development. miR1OE SAN-like cells were bradycardic (1,3 vs 2 Hz) compared to EM cells. In agreement with data on native SAN cells, EM SAN-like cardiomyocytes show two populations of cells expressing either slow- or fast-activating If currents; miR1OE SAN-like cells instead have only fast-activating If with a significantly reduced conductance. Western Blot and immunofluorescence analysis showed a reduced HCN4 signal in miR-1OE vs EM CD166+ precursors. Together these data point out to a specific down-regulation of the slow-activating HCN4 subunit by miR-1. Importantly, the rate and If alterations were independent of the developmental effects of miR-1, being similar in NRVC transiently overexpressing miR-1. In conclusion, we demonstrated a dual role of miR-1, during development it controls the proper development of sinoatrial-precursor, while in mature SAN-like cells it modulates the HCN4 pacemaker channel translation and thus the beating rate.
embryonic stem cells; HCN4; I; f; current; microRNA; miR-1; Sinus node
Settore BIO/09 - Fisiologia
Article (author)
File in questo prodotto:
File Dimensione Formato  
2021_Benzoni_dual role of miR-1 in the development and function of sinoatrial cells.pdf

accesso aperto

Tipologia: Publisher's version/PDF
Dimensione 2.79 MB
Formato Adobe PDF
2.79 MB Adobe PDF Visualizza/Apri
Pubblicazioni consigliate

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2434/863841
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? 2
  • Scopus 3
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 3
social impact