The aim of this paper is to describe the intra-operative findings and surgical results of the first application of 3D high-definition (HD) endoscopic support to the trans-oral surgical treatment of five patients with deep hilo-parenchymal sub-mandibular stones who underwent clinical and ultrasonographic (US) follow-up examinations at one month after the procedure. Five patients undergoing 2D-HD video-assisted transoral surgery for the same condition were used as controls. The results were classified as successful (US-demonstrated complete clear-ance) or unsuccessful (US-demonstrated total or partial persistence). Visual analogue scales (VAS) were used post-surgically to evaluate the sharpness and brightness of the 2D and 3D images on the screen and stereoscopic depth perception (SDP) of the 3D-HD endoscope. Successful stone removal and significant subjective improvement (lack of obstructive symptoms) was obtained in all but one of the patients in the 3D group, in whom the one-month US evaluation revealed a residual 3 mm asymptomatic hilo-parenchymal stone that was successfully treated by sialendoscopy-assisted intra-corporeal laser lithotripsy. Wharton’s duct and the lingual nerve were identified and preserved in all cases. The mean 3D-HD VAS results were brightness 7 (range 6-8), sharpness 7.8 (range 7-9) and SDP 8.2 (range 8-9); the mean 2D-HD results were brightness 7.8 (range 7-9) and sharpness 7 (range 7-8). Our findings confirm the safety and efficacy of conservative transoral surgical treatment of hilo-parenchymal sub-mandibular stones. From a surgeon’s perspective, 3D-HD guided exploration of the oral floor seems to provide a better view of Wharton’s duct and the lingual nerve, especially near the sub-mandibular parenchyma. The 3D-HD video-assisted transoral removal of deep hilo-parenchymal sub-mandibular stones can therefore be considered a useful new means of preserving the function of an obstructed salivary gland.

3D video-assisted trans-oral removal of deep hilo-parenchymal sub-mandibular stones / P. Capaccio, D. Di Pasquale, L. Bresciani, S. Torretta, L. Pignataro. - In: ACTA OTORHINOLARYNGOLOGICA ITALICA. - ISSN 0392-100X. - 39:6(2019), pp. 367-373. [10.14639/0392-100X-2282]

3D video-assisted trans-oral removal of deep hilo-parenchymal sub-mandibular stones

P. Capaccio;D. Di Pasquale;L. Bresciani;S. Torretta
;
L. Pignataro
2019

Abstract

The aim of this paper is to describe the intra-operative findings and surgical results of the first application of 3D high-definition (HD) endoscopic support to the trans-oral surgical treatment of five patients with deep hilo-parenchymal sub-mandibular stones who underwent clinical and ultrasonographic (US) follow-up examinations at one month after the procedure. Five patients undergoing 2D-HD video-assisted transoral surgery for the same condition were used as controls. The results were classified as successful (US-demonstrated complete clear-ance) or unsuccessful (US-demonstrated total or partial persistence). Visual analogue scales (VAS) were used post-surgically to evaluate the sharpness and brightness of the 2D and 3D images on the screen and stereoscopic depth perception (SDP) of the 3D-HD endoscope. Successful stone removal and significant subjective improvement (lack of obstructive symptoms) was obtained in all but one of the patients in the 3D group, in whom the one-month US evaluation revealed a residual 3 mm asymptomatic hilo-parenchymal stone that was successfully treated by sialendoscopy-assisted intra-corporeal laser lithotripsy. Wharton’s duct and the lingual nerve were identified and preserved in all cases. The mean 3D-HD VAS results were brightness 7 (range 6-8), sharpness 7.8 (range 7-9) and SDP 8.2 (range 8-9); the mean 2D-HD results were brightness 7.8 (range 7-9) and sharpness 7 (range 7-8). Our findings confirm the safety and efficacy of conservative transoral surgical treatment of hilo-parenchymal sub-mandibular stones. From a surgeon’s perspective, 3D-HD guided exploration of the oral floor seems to provide a better view of Wharton’s duct and the lingual nerve, especially near the sub-mandibular parenchyma. The 3D-HD video-assisted transoral removal of deep hilo-parenchymal sub-mandibular stones can therefore be considered a useful new means of preserving the function of an obstructed salivary gland.
3D endoscope; Sialendoscopy; Sub-mandibular stones; Three-dimensional (3D); Adult; Female; Humans; Male; Middle Aged; Mouth; Salivary Gland Calculi; Submandibular Gland; Young Adult; Imaging, Three-Dimensional; Surgery, Computer-Assisted; Video-Assisted Surgery
Settore MED/31 - Otorinolaringoiatria
Article (author)
File in questo prodotto:
File Dimensione Formato  
420-Article Text-2540-2-10-20191220.pdf

accesso aperto

Tipologia: Publisher's version/PDF
Dimensione 341.31 kB
Formato Adobe PDF
341.31 kB Adobe PDF Visualizza/Apri
Pubblicazioni consigliate

Caricamento pubblicazioni consigliate

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/2434/860304
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? 1
  • Scopus 2
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 2
social impact