Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to investigate, through the lens of gift-giving theory, volunteers’ motivations for intending to stay with organizations. Design/methodology/approach – Data were collected from 379 volunteers from 30 charitable organizations operating in Italy’s socio-healthcare service sector. Bootstrapped mediation analysis was used to test the hypothesized relationships. Findings – Volunteers’ reciprocal attitudes and gift-giving intentions partially mediated the relationship between motives and intentions to stay. Practical implications – Policy makers of charitable organizations are advised to be more responsive to behavioral signals revealing volunteers’ motivations, attitudes, and intentions. Managers should appropriately align organizational responsiveness with volunteers’ commitment through gift-giving exchange systems. Originality/value – The findings reveal that reciprocity and gift-giving are significant organizational variables greatly influencing volunteers’ intentions to stay with organizations. Signaling theory is used to explain how volunteers’ attitudes are linked with organizational responsiveness. Furthermore, this study is the first to use an Italian setting to consider motives, reciprocity, and gift-giving as they relate to intentions to stay.

Reciprocity and gift-giving logic in NPOs / L. Zollo, G. Faldetta, M. Pellegrini, C. Ciappei. - In: JOURNAL OF MANAGERIAL PSYCHOLOGY. - ISSN 0268-3946. - 32:7(2017), pp. 513-526. [10.1108/JMP-04-2017-0140]

Reciprocity and gift-giving logic in NPOs

L. Zollo
;
2017

Abstract

Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to investigate, through the lens of gift-giving theory, volunteers’ motivations for intending to stay with organizations. Design/methodology/approach – Data were collected from 379 volunteers from 30 charitable organizations operating in Italy’s socio-healthcare service sector. Bootstrapped mediation analysis was used to test the hypothesized relationships. Findings – Volunteers’ reciprocal attitudes and gift-giving intentions partially mediated the relationship between motives and intentions to stay. Practical implications – Policy makers of charitable organizations are advised to be more responsive to behavioral signals revealing volunteers’ motivations, attitudes, and intentions. Managers should appropriately align organizational responsiveness with volunteers’ commitment through gift-giving exchange systems. Originality/value – The findings reveal that reciprocity and gift-giving are significant organizational variables greatly influencing volunteers’ intentions to stay with organizations. Signaling theory is used to explain how volunteers’ attitudes are linked with organizational responsiveness. Furthermore, this study is the first to use an Italian setting to consider motives, reciprocity, and gift-giving as they relate to intentions to stay.
Reciprocity; NPO; Strategic Management; HRM
Settore SECS-P/08 - Economia e Gestione delle Imprese
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2434/857733
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