This paper deals with the use of personal pronouns (PPs) in Ancient Greek in two Aristophanes’ comedies (i.e. Lysistrata and Ecclesiazusae). The main purpose of this study is to show that Ancient Greek PPs often have a pragmatic function, in particular linked to the speaker’s communicative goals. The analysis highlights the presence of a gender-related distribution and a context-dependent use of personal pronouns. In particular, male characters prefer 1st person singular pronouns, whereas female characters use more 1st person plural pronouns with an inclusive value. Moreover, in two communicative frameworks it is possible to notice how PPs are used for their value of membership categorization. In this respect PPs can be considered possible markers of autonomía or afiliación (see Bravo 1999). Some peculiar instances of referential ambiguities concern in particular the use of 1st and 2nd person plural pronouns in both comedies. The analysis shows that use of Ancient Greek PPs varies according to gender and context. Moreover, it is clear that in both comedies this variation should be explained mainly as a pragmatic strategy of membership categorization, thus showing instances of non-prototypical uses of PPs similar to other languages (e.g. Spanish, English, Modern Greek).

L'articolo analizza l'uso dei pronomi personali in Greco Classico in due commedie di Aristofane (Lisistrata e Donne al Parlamento). L'analisi mostra la presenza di una distribuzione nell'uso dei pronomi personali in base al genere del parlante, ma soprattutto in dipendenza dal contesto e dalle intenzioni comunicative del parlante. L'uso dei pronomi personali in queste commedie può essere dunque spiegato come una strategia pragmatica di "membership categorization", mostrando tipiche istanze di uso non prototipico dei pronomi personali così come sono state evidenziate in altre lingue moderne (es. spagnolo).

Pragmatic use of Ancient Greek pronouns in two communicative frameworks / C. Meluzzi. - In: PRAGMATICS. - ISSN 1018-2101. - 26:3(2016), pp. 447-471. [10.1075/prag.26.3.05meh]

Pragmatic use of Ancient Greek pronouns in two communicative frameworks

C. Meluzzi
2016

Abstract

L'articolo analizza l'uso dei pronomi personali in Greco Classico in due commedie di Aristofane (Lisistrata e Donne al Parlamento). L'analisi mostra la presenza di una distribuzione nell'uso dei pronomi personali in base al genere del parlante, ma soprattutto in dipendenza dal contesto e dalle intenzioni comunicative del parlante. L'uso dei pronomi personali in queste commedie può essere dunque spiegato come una strategia pragmatica di "membership categorization", mostrando tipiche istanze di uso non prototipico dei pronomi personali così come sono state evidenziate in altre lingue moderne (es. spagnolo).
This paper deals with the use of personal pronouns (PPs) in Ancient Greek in two Aristophanes’ comedies (i.e. Lysistrata and Ecclesiazusae). The main purpose of this study is to show that Ancient Greek PPs often have a pragmatic function, in particular linked to the speaker’s communicative goals. The analysis highlights the presence of a gender-related distribution and a context-dependent use of personal pronouns. In particular, male characters prefer 1st person singular pronouns, whereas female characters use more 1st person plural pronouns with an inclusive value. Moreover, in two communicative frameworks it is possible to notice how PPs are used for their value of membership categorization. In this respect PPs can be considered possible markers of autonomía or afiliación (see Bravo 1999). Some peculiar instances of referential ambiguities concern in particular the use of 1st and 2nd person plural pronouns in both comedies. The analysis shows that use of Ancient Greek PPs varies according to gender and context. Moreover, it is clear that in both comedies this variation should be explained mainly as a pragmatic strategy of membership categorization, thus showing instances of non-prototypical uses of PPs similar to other languages (e.g. Spanish, English, Modern Greek).
Personal pronouns; 1st person plural pronouns; Communicative framework; Membership categorization; Ancient Greek
Settore L-LIN/01 - Glottologia e Linguistica
https://www.jbe-platform.com/content/journals/10.1075/prag.26.3.05meh
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/2434/857432
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