The interpretation of cranial base injuries has never been investigated from a purely anthropological perspective. Very little exists in forensic literature in order to interpret the significance of cranial base fractures. We analyzed 296 cases of deaths due to skull–brain injuries. The frequency of vault fractures was 75.7% and that of base fractures was 91.9%. We observed the distribution of cases of death according to manner of death and manner of injury and number of fossae involved. These observations were analytically compared to different variables (age, sex, manner of injury, and mode of injury). The study presented the proportion of base fractures associated with vault fractures, and the frequency of absence of base fracture in subjects with no vault fractures. Interesting associations of base fractures to age and manner of death are shown.

The Frequency of Cranial Base Fractures in Lethal Head Trauma / G.D.L. Crudele, V.G. Merelli, C. Vener, S. Milani, C. Cattaneo. - In: JOURNAL OF FORENSIC SCIENCES. - ISSN 0022-1198. - 65:1(2020 Jan), pp. 193-195.

The Frequency of Cranial Base Fractures in Lethal Head Trauma

G.D.L. Crudele
Primo
;
V.G. Merelli;C. Vener;
2020-01

Abstract

The interpretation of cranial base injuries has never been investigated from a purely anthropological perspective. Very little exists in forensic literature in order to interpret the significance of cranial base fractures. We analyzed 296 cases of deaths due to skull–brain injuries. The frequency of vault fractures was 75.7% and that of base fractures was 91.9%. We observed the distribution of cases of death according to manner of death and manner of injury and number of fossae involved. These observations were analytically compared to different variables (age, sex, manner of injury, and mode of injury). The study presented the proportion of base fractures associated with vault fractures, and the frequency of absence of base fracture in subjects with no vault fractures. Interesting associations of base fractures to age and manner of death are shown.
cranial base fractures; forensic anthropology; forensic science; head trauma; human remains; skull fractures; Accidental Falls; Accidents, Traffic; Adolescent; Adult; Age Distribution; Aged; Aged, 80 and over; Brain Injuries; Child; Child, Preschool; Female; Humans; Infant; Italy; Male; Middle Aged; Physical Abuse; Sex Distribution; Skull Base; Skull Fractures; Wounds, Gunshot; Young Adult
Settore MED/01 - Statistica Medica
Settore MED/43 - Medicina Legale
21-ago-2019
Article (author)
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/2434/847601
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