Feline infectious peritonitis (FIP) is characterised by the presence of systemic inflammation accompanied by oxidative stress. Paraoxonase-1 (PON-1) is a negative acute phase reactant produced by the liver. A paraoxon-based method has been validated to measure PON-1 activity in feline serum. The aim of this study was to investigate the usefulness of PON-1 activity as a biomarker to discriminate FIP from other diseases with similar clinical signs. Of 159 cats enrolled, 71 were healthy, 34 had FIP and 54 had another disease but presented with clinical signs that could be consistent with FIP. PON-1 activity was lower (P <0.0001) in cats with FIP (median, 26.55 U/L; range, 5.40–78.20 U/L) compared to healthy (median, 87.5 U/L; range, 46.60–215.50 U/L) and Non-FIP Sick group cats (median, 57.90 U/L; range, 3.80–122.60 U/L). Two receiver operating characteristic curves were used to determine the thresholds that maximised the performance of PON-1 activity in predicting FIP both from a screening and diagnostic point of view. A threshold of 78.30 U/L yielded a sensitivity of 100%, a specificity of 50.4%, and a negative likelihood ratio of 0.00 (screening curve). While a threshold of 24.90 U/L maximised specificity (94.4%), had a sensitivity of 44.1%, and increased the likelihood ratio to 7.94, making PON-1 activity a good confirmatory test for FIP (diagnostic curve). Using these thresholds, serum PON-1 activity showed good diagnostic performance in discriminating FIP affected cats from cats with other inflammatory conditions.

Role of paraoxonase-1 as a diagnostic marker for feline infectious peritonitis / S. Meazzi, S. Paltrinieri, S. Lauzi, A. Stranieri, I. Brentali, R. Ferriani, G. Rossi, A. Giordano. - In: THE VETERINARY JOURNAL. - ISSN 1090-0233. - 272(2021 Jun). ((Intervento presentato al 18. convegno ISACP Congress : 4th-8th August tenutosi a Tokyo nel 2018 [10.1016/j.tvjl.2021.105661].

Role of paraoxonase-1 as a diagnostic marker for feline infectious peritonitis

S. Meazzi
Primo
;
S. Paltrinieri
Secondo
;
S. Lauzi;A. Stranieri
;
A. Giordano
Ultimo
2021

Abstract

Feline infectious peritonitis (FIP) is characterised by the presence of systemic inflammation accompanied by oxidative stress. Paraoxonase-1 (PON-1) is a negative acute phase reactant produced by the liver. A paraoxon-based method has been validated to measure PON-1 activity in feline serum. The aim of this study was to investigate the usefulness of PON-1 activity as a biomarker to discriminate FIP from other diseases with similar clinical signs. Of 159 cats enrolled, 71 were healthy, 34 had FIP and 54 had another disease but presented with clinical signs that could be consistent with FIP. PON-1 activity was lower (P <0.0001) in cats with FIP (median, 26.55 U/L; range, 5.40–78.20 U/L) compared to healthy (median, 87.5 U/L; range, 46.60–215.50 U/L) and Non-FIP Sick group cats (median, 57.90 U/L; range, 3.80–122.60 U/L). Two receiver operating characteristic curves were used to determine the thresholds that maximised the performance of PON-1 activity in predicting FIP both from a screening and diagnostic point of view. A threshold of 78.30 U/L yielded a sensitivity of 100%, a specificity of 50.4%, and a negative likelihood ratio of 0.00 (screening curve). While a threshold of 24.90 U/L maximised specificity (94.4%), had a sensitivity of 44.1%, and increased the likelihood ratio to 7.94, making PON-1 activity a good confirmatory test for FIP (diagnostic curve). Using these thresholds, serum PON-1 activity showed good diagnostic performance in discriminating FIP affected cats from cats with other inflammatory conditions.
Acute phase protein; Biomarker; FIP; PON-1;
Settore VET/03 - Patologia Generale e Anatomia Patologica Veterinaria
Settore VET/05 - Malattie Infettive degli Animali Domestici
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2434/838930
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