Background: Recently, loss-of-function variants in TLR7 were identified in two families in which COVID-19 segregates like an X-linked recessive disorder environmentally conditioned by SARS-CoV-2. We investigated whether the two families represent the tip of the iceberg of a subset of COVID-19 male patients.Methods: This is a nested case-control study in which we compared male participants with extreme phenotype selected from the Italian GEN-COVID cohort of SARS-CoV-2-infected participants (<60y, 79 severe cases versus 77 control cases). We applied the LASSO Logistic Regression analysis, considering only rare variants on young male subsets with extreme phenotype, picking up TLR7 as the most important susceptibility gene.Results: Overall, we found TLR7 deleterious variants in 2.1% of severely affected males and in none of the asymptomatic participants. The functional gene expression profile analysis demonstrated a reduction in TLR7-related gene expression in patients compared with controls demonstrating an impairment in type I and II IFN responses.Conclusion: Young males with TLR7 loss-of-function variants and severe COVID-19 represent a subset of male patients contributing to disease susceptibility in up to 2% of severe COVID-19.

Association of Toll-like receptor 7 variants with life-threatening COVID-19 disease in males : findings from a nested case-control study / C. Fallerini, S. Daga, S. Mantovani, E. Benetti, N. Picchiotti, D. Francisci, F. Paciosi, E. Schiaroli, M. Baldassarri, F. Fava, M. Palmieri, S. Ludovisi, F. Castelli, E. Quiros-Roldan, M. Vaghi, S. Rusconi, M. Siano, M. Bandini, O. Spiga, K. Capitani, S. Furini, F. Mari, A. Renieri, M.U. Mondelli, E. Frullanti. - In: ELIFE. - ISSN 2050-084X. - 10(2021 Mar 02), pp. e67569.1-e67569.15.

Association of Toll-like receptor 7 variants with life-threatening COVID-19 disease in males : findings from a nested case-control study

S. Rusconi;M. Siano;
2021

Abstract

Background: Recently, loss-of-function variants in TLR7 were identified in two families in which COVID-19 segregates like an X-linked recessive disorder environmentally conditioned by SARS-CoV-2. We investigated whether the two families represent the tip of the iceberg of a subset of COVID-19 male patients.Methods: This is a nested case-control study in which we compared male participants with extreme phenotype selected from the Italian GEN-COVID cohort of SARS-CoV-2-infected participants (<60y, 79 severe cases versus 77 control cases). We applied the LASSO Logistic Regression analysis, considering only rare variants on young male subsets with extreme phenotype, picking up TLR7 as the most important susceptibility gene.Results: Overall, we found TLR7 deleterious variants in 2.1% of severely affected males and in none of the asymptomatic participants. The functional gene expression profile analysis demonstrated a reduction in TLR7-related gene expression in patients compared with controls demonstrating an impairment in type I and II IFN responses.Conclusion: Young males with TLR7 loss-of-function variants and severe COVID-19 represent a subset of male patients contributing to disease susceptibility in up to 2% of severe COVID-19.
COVID-19; LASSO Logistic Regression Analysis; TLR7; genetics; genomics; human; medicine
Settore MED/03 - Genetica Medica
Settore MED/17 - Malattie Infettive
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2434/827824
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