Tuberculosis (TB) causes millions of deaths every year, ranking as one of the most dangerous infectious diseases worldwide. Because several pathogenic strains of Mycobacterium tuberculosis (Mtb) have developed resistance against most of the established anti-TB drugs, new therapeutic options are urgently needed. An attractive target for the development of new antitubercular agents is the salicylate synthase MbtI, an essential enzyme for the mycobacterial siderophore biochemical machinery, absent in human cells. A set of analogues of I and II, two of the most potent MbtI inhibitors identified to date, was synthesized, characterized, and tested to elucidate the structural requirements for achieving an efficient MbtI inhibition and a potent antitubercular activity with this class of compounds. The structure-activity relationships (SAR) here discussed evidenced the importance of the furan as part of the pharmacophore and led to the preparation of six new compounds (IV–IX), which gave us the opportunity to examine a hitherto unexplored position of the phenyl ring. Among them emerged 5-(3-cyano-5-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl)furan-2-carboxylic acid (IV), endowed with comparable inhibitory properties to the previous leads, but a better antitubercular activity, which is a key issue in MbtI inhibitor research. Therefore, compound IV offers promising prospects for future studies on the development of novel agents against mycobacterial infections.
Synthesis, Characterization, and Biological Evaluation of New Derivatives Targeting MbtI as Antitubercular Agents / M. Mori, G. Stelitano, L.R. Chiarelli, G. Cazzaniga, A. Gelain, D. Barlocco, E.R.E. Pini, F. Meneghetti, S. Villa. - In: PHARMACEUTICALS. - ISSN 1424-8247. - 14:2(2021 Feb 13).
|Titolo:||Synthesis, Characterization, and Biological Evaluation of New Derivatives Targeting MbtI as Antitubercular Agents|
MORI, MATTEO (Primo)
MENEGHETTI, FIORELLA (Corresponding)
VILLA, STEFANIA (Ultimo)
|Parole Chiave:||tuberculosis; mycobactins; furan; siderophores; drug design; bioisosterism; drug resistance;|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore CHIM/08 - Chimica Farmaceutica|
|Data di pubblicazione:||13-feb-2021|
|Data ahead of print / Data di stampa:||feb-2021|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/ph14020155|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|