Study Objective: To explore whether there are differences in characteristics, clinical findings and management in cases of sexual violence in adolescent and adult women. Design: Retrospective study. Setting: SVSeD–Service for Sexual and Domestic Violence, Fondazione IRCCS Ca’ Granda Ospedale Maggiore Policlinico, Milan, Italy. Participants: Female victims of sexual violence aged 10 years and older. Two study groups were analysed: an adolescent group and an adult group. Interventions: None; this was an observational study. Main Outcome Measures: Characteristics of the perpetrator, time spent between the episode of sexual violence and the access to SVSeD, presence of genital and/or extragenital injuries; tests for sexually transmitted diseases, spermatozoa research; and toxicological screening; Results: Adolescent victims of sexual violence requested help later than the adult victims. The majority of the perpetrators were well known to the victims in both groups. In both groups, we observed genital injuries in 1 of 3 patients. We found a strong association between the presence of genital injuries and a positive screening test for sexually transmitted diseases, in particular with regard to the adolescent victims. Conclusion: Adolescents’ delayed disclosure of sexual violence may affect the ability to properly manage these crimes. Prevention programs and public awareness campaigns should be implemented to highlight the importance of a prompt disclosure after sexual assault has occurred. Gynecologists should be made increasingly aware of this delicate issue, to better assist victims of sexual violence, especially adolescent victims.

Similarity and Differences in Sexual Violence Against Adolescents and Adult Women : The Need to Focus on Adolescent Victims / E. Torazzi, V. Merelli, G. Barbara, A. Kustermann, L. Marasciuolo, F. Collini, C. Cattaneo. - In: JOURNAL OF PEDIATRIC AND ADOLESCENT GYNECOLOGY. - ISSN 1083-3188. - (2020 Nov 28). [Epub ahead of print]

Similarity and Differences in Sexual Violence Against Adolescents and Adult Women : The Need to Focus on Adolescent Victims

V. Merelli;G. Barbara
;
L. Marasciuolo;F. Collini;C. Cattaneo
2020

Abstract

Study Objective: To explore whether there are differences in characteristics, clinical findings and management in cases of sexual violence in adolescent and adult women. Design: Retrospective study. Setting: SVSeD–Service for Sexual and Domestic Violence, Fondazione IRCCS Ca’ Granda Ospedale Maggiore Policlinico, Milan, Italy. Participants: Female victims of sexual violence aged 10 years and older. Two study groups were analysed: an adolescent group and an adult group. Interventions: None; this was an observational study. Main Outcome Measures: Characteristics of the perpetrator, time spent between the episode of sexual violence and the access to SVSeD, presence of genital and/or extragenital injuries; tests for sexually transmitted diseases, spermatozoa research; and toxicological screening; Results: Adolescent victims of sexual violence requested help later than the adult victims. The majority of the perpetrators were well known to the victims in both groups. In both groups, we observed genital injuries in 1 of 3 patients. We found a strong association between the presence of genital injuries and a positive screening test for sexually transmitted diseases, in particular with regard to the adolescent victims. Conclusion: Adolescents’ delayed disclosure of sexual violence may affect the ability to properly manage these crimes. Prevention programs and public awareness campaigns should be implemented to highlight the importance of a prompt disclosure after sexual assault has occurred. Gynecologists should be made increasingly aware of this delicate issue, to better assist victims of sexual violence, especially adolescent victims.
Adolescents; Gender violence; Sexual abuse; Sexual violence
Settore MED/43 - Medicina Legale
Settore MED/40 - Ginecologia e Ostetricia
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2434/808785
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