Early-life microbial colonization is an important driver for the development and maturation of the gut. The present study aimed to determine whether a single-dose supplement given only at birth would improve piglet performance and modify their fecal microbiota during the suckling and post-weaning periods. At birth, piglets from eight litters received a supplement (SUP+) while piglets from six other litters received water (SUP−). All piglets were monitored until two weeks post-weaning, and fecal samples were collected on Day 16 of age and two weeks post-weaning (Day 39 ± 1). The supplementation resulted in an improvement of average daily gain during the whole experimental period, mainly due to a better growth and a reduction in the incidence of diarrhea in the post-weaning period. There were no differences in the abundance and diversity of the main taxa, although the supplementation increased the relative abundance of rare taxa, such as bacteria from the Saccharibacteria and Cyanobacteria phyla, and the Lentisphaeria class in the suckling period. In addition, at 16 days of age, SUP+ piglets had a more diverse core microbiota, with bacteria from the Lactobacillus genus being present in the core microbiota of SUP+ piglets and absent from SUP− piglets. Therefore, the enhanced growth performance and reduction in diarrhea seem to be related to changes in fecal microbiota during the suckling period rather than at two weeks post-weaning.
A single dose of synbiotics and vitamins at birth affects piglet microbiota before weaning and modifies post-weaning performance / M. Girard, M. Tretola, G. Bee. - In: ANIMALS. - ISSN 2076-2615. - 11:1(2021 Jan), pp. 84.1-84.14.
|Titolo:||A single dose of synbiotics and vitamins at birth affects piglet microbiota before weaning and modifies post-weaning performance|
TRETOLA, MARCO (Secondo)
|Parole Chiave:||Piglet microbiota; Post-weaning performance; Prebiotic; Probiotics; Vitamins|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore AGR/18 - Nutrizione e Alimentazione Animale|
|Data di pubblicazione:||gen-2021|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/ani11010084|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|