Plant defense peptides are able to control immune barriers and represent a potential novel resource for crop protection. One of the best-characterized plant peptides is tomato Systemin (Sys) an octadecapeptide synthesized as part of a larger precursor protein. Upon pest attack, Sys interacts with a leucine-rich repeat receptor kinase, systemin receptor SYR, activating a complex intracellular signaling pathway that leads to the wound response. Here, we demonstrated, for the first time, that the direct delivery of the peptide to Solanum melongena and Vitis vinifera plants protects from the agent of Grey mould (Botrytis cinerea). The observed disease tolerance is associated with the increase of total soluble phenolic content, the activation of antioxidant enzymes, and the up-regulation of defense-related genes in plants treated with the peptide. Our results suggest that in treated plants, the biotic defense system is triggered by the Sys signaling pathway as a consequence of Sys interaction with a SYR-like receptor recently found in several plant species, including those under investigation. We propose that this biotechnological use of Sys, promoting defense responses against invaders, represents a useful tool to integrate into pest management programs for the development of novel strategies of crop protection.
Colonization of solanum melongena and vitis vinifera plants by botrytis cinerea is strongly reduced by the exogenous application of tomato systemin / D. Molisso, M. Coppola, A.M. Aprile, C. Avitabile, R. Natale, A. Romanelli, P. Chiaiese, R. Rao. - In: JOURNAL OF FUNGI. - ISSN 2309-608X. - 7:1(2021 Jan), pp. 15.1-15.15.
|Titolo:||Colonization of solanum melongena and vitis vinifera plants by botrytis cinerea is strongly reduced by the exogenous application of tomato systemin|
|Parole Chiave:||Antioxi-dant activity; Crop protection; Foliar application; Hydroponics; Plant defense; Signaling peptide|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore AGR/07 - Genetica Agraria|
Settore CHIM/03 - Chimica Generale e Inorganica
|Data di pubblicazione:||gen-2021|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/jof7010015|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|