Lifestyle modification programs (LMP) represent a new approach to cardiometabolic/ oncologic risk reduction. Successful LMP in clinical practice must be feasible, cost effective, efficacious and consider home-based exercise. Likewise, multiple mechanisms implied in cardiometabolic risk reduction such as cardiac autonomic regulation (CAR) should be easily evidenced, in spite of the computational complexity involved. This goal could be facilitated by employing novel, friendlier, simpler techniques, such as the Autonomic Nervous System Index (ANSI), which can be treated as a proxy of CAR. In this observational study, we introduce a simple LMP (based on cognitive behavioral strategies and patient-tailored prescription of nutrition and home-based exercise, managed by a single physician) into the currently existing clinical practice of secondary cardiometabolic prevention. In 26 subjects, we assessed CAR (autoregressive spectral analysis of cardiovascular variabilities), body mass composition (bioelectrical impedance analysis) and stress perception (questionnaires). After LMP, ANSI and lipid profile were improved; % of fat mass, waist circumference and stress perception were reduced. We conclude that this preliminary, proof of concept study provides significant evidence in favor of the hypothesis that it is possible to introduce a convenient, cost effective LMP into the currently existing clinical practice of secondary cardiometabolic prevention. Findings suggest a successful comprehensive behavioral change, possibly facilitated by the simplified approach employed in this study, capable of improving cardiac autonomic regulation in addition to body mass composition and stress perception.
A simple home-based lifestyle intervention program to improve cardiac autonomic regulation in patients with increased cardiometabolic risk / D. Lucini, M. Malacarne, W. Gatzemeier, M. Pagani. - In: SUSTAINABILITY. - ISSN 2071-1050. - 12:18(2020 Sep 17), pp. 7671.1-7671.12.
|Titolo:||A simple home-based lifestyle intervention program to improve cardiac autonomic regulation in patients with increased cardiometabolic risk|
LUCINI, DANIELA (Primo) (Corresponding)
MALACARNE, MARA (Secondo)
PAGANI, MASSIMO (Ultimo)
|Parole Chiave:||Autonomic nervous system; Exercise; Heart rate variability; Home-based intervention; Nutrition; Prevention|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore M-EDF/01 - Metodi e Didattiche delle Attivita' Motorie|
Settore MED/06 - Oncologia Medica
|Data di pubblicazione:||17-set-2020|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/su12187671|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|
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