BAP1 is recurrently mutated or deleted in a large number of diverse cancer types, including mesothelioma, uveal melanoma and hepatocellular cholangiocarcinoma. BAP1 is the catalytic subunit of the Polycomb Repressive De-Ubiquitination complex (PR-DUB) which removes PRC1 mediated H2AK119ub1. We and others have shown that H2AK119ub1 is essential for maintaining transcriptional repression and contributes to PRC2 chromatin recruitment. However, the precise relationship between BAP1 and PRC1 remains mechanistically elusive. Using embryonic stem cells, we show that a major function of BAP1 is to restrict H2AK119ub1 deposition to target sites. This increases the stability of PcG complexes with their targets and prevents diffuse accumulation of H2AK119ub1 and H3K27me3 modifications. Loss of BAP1 results in a broad increase in H2AK119ub1 levels that are primarily dependent on PCGF3/5-PRC1 complexes with a mechanism that is reminiscent of X-chromosome inactivation. Increased genome-wide H2AK119ub1 levels titrates away PRC2 from its targets and stimulates diffuse H3K27me3 accumulation across the genome. This decreases the activity of PcG repressive machineries at physiological targets and induces a general compaction of the entire chromatin. Our findings provide evidences for a unifying model that resolves the apparent contradiction between BAP1 catalytic activity and its role in vivo, uncovering molecular vulnerabilities that could be useful for BAP1-related pathologies.

BAP1 activity regulates PcG occupancy and global chromatin condensation counteracting diffuse PCGF3/5-dependent H2AK119ub1 deposition / E. Conway, F. Rossi, S. Tamburri, E. Ponzo, K.J. Ferrari, M. Zanotti, D. Fernandez Perez, D. Manganaro, S. Rodighiero, D. Pasini. - (2020 Dec 11).

BAP1 activity regulates PcG occupancy and global chromatin condensation counteracting diffuse PCGF3/5-dependent H2AK119ub1 deposition

Federico Rossi;Simone Tamburri;Eleonora Ponzo;Karin Johanna Ferrari;Daniel Fernandez-Perez;Simona Rodighiero;Diego Pasini
2020-12-11

Abstract

BAP1 is recurrently mutated or deleted in a large number of diverse cancer types, including mesothelioma, uveal melanoma and hepatocellular cholangiocarcinoma. BAP1 is the catalytic subunit of the Polycomb Repressive De-Ubiquitination complex (PR-DUB) which removes PRC1 mediated H2AK119ub1. We and others have shown that H2AK119ub1 is essential for maintaining transcriptional repression and contributes to PRC2 chromatin recruitment. However, the precise relationship between BAP1 and PRC1 remains mechanistically elusive. Using embryonic stem cells, we show that a major function of BAP1 is to restrict H2AK119ub1 deposition to target sites. This increases the stability of PcG complexes with their targets and prevents diffuse accumulation of H2AK119ub1 and H3K27me3 modifications. Loss of BAP1 results in a broad increase in H2AK119ub1 levels that are primarily dependent on PCGF3/5-PRC1 complexes with a mechanism that is reminiscent of X-chromosome inactivation. Increased genome-wide H2AK119ub1 levels titrates away PRC2 from its targets and stimulates diffuse H3K27me3 accumulation across the genome. This decreases the activity of PcG repressive machineries at physiological targets and induces a general compaction of the entire chromatin. Our findings provide evidences for a unifying model that resolves the apparent contradiction between BAP1 catalytic activity and its role in vivo, uncovering molecular vulnerabilities that could be useful for BAP1-related pathologies.
Settore BIO/11 - Biologia Molecolare
https://www.biorxiv.org/content/10.1101/2020.12.10.419309v1
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/2434/804043
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