The alkaloid berberine presents many biological activities related to its potential to bind DNA structures, such as duplex or G-quadruplex. Recently, it has been proposed that berberine may interact with i-motif structures formed from the folding of cytosine-rich sequences. In the present work, the interaction of this alkaloid with the i-motif formed by the human telomere cytosine-rich sequence, as well as with several positive and negative controls, has been studied. Molecular fluorescence and circular dichroism spectroscopies, as well as nuclear magnetic resonance spectrometry and competitive dialysis, have been used with this purpose. The results shown here reveal that the interaction of berberine with this i-motif is weak, mostly electrostatics in nature and takes place with bases not involved in C.C+ base pairs. Moreover, this ligand is not selective for i-motif structures, as binds equally to both, folded structure, and unfolded strand, without producing any stabilization of the i-motif. As a conclusion, the development of analytical methods based on the interaction of fluorescent ligands, such as berberine, with i-motif structures should consider the thermodynamic aspects related with the interaction, as well as the selectivity of the proposed ligands with different DNA structures, including unfolded strands.
Study of alkaloid berberine and its interaction with the human telomeric i-motif DNA structure / R. Gargallo, A. Aviñó, R. Eritja, P. Jarosova, S. Mazzini, L. Scaglioni, P. Taborsky.. - In: SPECTROCHIMICA ACTA. PART A, MOLECULAR AND BIOMOLECULAR SPECTROSCOPY. - ISSN 1386-1425. - 248(2021 Mar 05).
|Titolo:||Study of alkaloid berberine and its interaction with the human telomeric i-motif DNA structure|
|Parole Chiave:||Berberine; I-motif; DNA binders; G-quadruplex;|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore CHIM/06 - Chimica Organica|
|Progetto:||PIANO DI SOSTEGNO ALLA RICERCA 2015-2017 - LINEA 2 "DOTAZIONE ANNUALE PER ATTIVITA' ISTITUZIONALE"|
|Data di pubblicazione:||5-mar-2021|
|Data ahead of print / Data di stampa:||gen-2021|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.saa.2020.119185|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|